List of US Ambassadors Belgium (37) Brazil (35) Chile (35) China (32) Costa Rica (31) Denmark (36) Ecuador (31) El Salvador (28) France (49) Greece (28) Honduras (30) Italy (36) Japan (25) Mexico (62) Netherlands (49) Nicaragua (33) Portugal (45) Switzerland (28) Turkey (33) United Kingdom (54) Uruguay (29) Venezuela (37) First Last Service State County Place Src Charles Francis Sr.
1861-1868 United Kingdom ▤ John
1782-1788 Netherlands ▤ John
1785-1788 United Kingdom ▤
John Quincy ↩ 1794-1797 Netherlands ▤ John Quincy Adams, the son of the second President, John Adams, was called 'Old Man Eloquent' because of his articulate urbanity. He was a diplomat to several European countries, United States Senator, and Secretary of State under Monroe. He was elected President in the disputed election of 1824 in which he actually ran second in both electoral votes and popular votes to Andrew Jackson. A deal was cooked up in the House of Representatives between Adams and Henry Clay, one of the other defeated candidates, and Adams won the Presidency. He rewarded Clay with the position of Secretary of State. It is unfortunate that a man as honorable as Adams would thus enter the Presidency under a cloud of suspicion.
Adams, like his father, moved from Congregationalist orthodoxy to a moderate form of Unitarianism. He would be considered a conservative Unitarian by today's standards, and it is doubtful that Adams ever moved beyond the Puritan conscience in some aspects of his life. He was a hard taskmaster and was continually critical of his shortcomings. He was very interested in the Bible. In one of his diaries he noted, 'I have made it a practice for several years to read the Bible through in the course of every year. I usually devote to this reading the first hour after I rise every morning. My rule is to read five chapters each morning.' When he was President, his diary revealed that he had cut this reading down to three chapters, in the Bible with a good commentary. He frequently wrote letters to his son on the Bible and its teachings, and a volume of these letters was published after his death.
Like other early Presidents, however, Adams frequently attended the Episcopal Church. On July 26, 1797) his diary matter-of-factly noted that on that day he was married at the Church of the Parish of All Hallows in London. Adams was married in the Church of England and was our first President to be married abroad. (Theodore Roosevelt's second marriage also occurred in London.)
One writer notes: 'Religious faith was the foundation of his character, the source of his energy of conscience and conviction....' In one of Adams' diaries he noted, 'Religious sentiments become from day to day more constantly habitual to my mind.' His opposition to slavery arose primarily from his religious views. He called slavery 'that outrage upon the goodness of God.' While in Washington, he did not attend church regularly, because there was no Unitarian or, as he called it, 'Independent Congregational' church to attend. He was a man of great character and integrity.
He was essentially a man without a party, because he considered himself an Independent, politically. He broke with his Massachusetts constituents over the Embargo Bill of President Jefferson in Congress. Adams favored the bill and voted for it though he realized it might end his political career. John F. Kennedy, in his PROFILES IN COURAGE, hailed Adams' decision as one of the most courageous in American history. Adams was denied his re-election to the U. S. Senate because of this, but the voters evidently liked him and he carried his State handily twice in the Presidential election.
Unlike most former Presidents, Adams did not just fade away after being defeated for re-election by Andrew Jackson. He decided it would be a great honor to seek a seat in the United States House of Representatives. He did so successfully and held the seat for eighteen years, dying on the floor of the House in his 8lst year. He suffered a stroke at his desk in the chamber and died a few moments later in the Speaker's Room. Perhaps we can best remember Adams by something he wrote shortly before he left the White House. He was disappointed in defeat, but not bitter. He wrote, 'Before I end my letter, I pray Heaven to bestow the best of blessings on this house and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. May none but honest and wise men ever rule under this roof.”
John Quincy 1814-1817 United Kingdom ▤ Robert, Jr.
1889-1890 Brazil ▤ Winthrop W.
1953-1957 United Kingdom ▤ Eben
1893-1897 Greece ▤ Frederick M., Jr.
1953-1957 Belgium ▤ George V.
1956-1957 Greece ▤ Heman
1824-1827 Chile ▤ John M.
1953-1957 Japan ▤ Larz
1911-1912 Belgium ▤ Larz
1913-1913 Japan ▤ Rasmus B.
1885-1889 Denmark ▤ Christopher Columbus
1869 Denmark ▤
James Burrill 1880-1881 China ▤
James Burrill 1897-1898 Turkey ▤ Walter
1969-1974 United Kingdom ▤ John James
1821 Portugal ▤
Norman 1938-1939 Chile ▤ Norman
1950-1951 Venezuela ▤ Anne
1976-1977 United Kingdom ▤ John
1804-1810 France ▤ Frank D.
1918-1921 El Salvador ▤ Alexander
1867-1868 Uruguay ▤
William Waldorf 1882-1885 Italy ▤ Ray
1939-1940 Denmark ▤
Benjamin 1874-1875 China ▤ Ambrose
1841-1844 Italy ▤ John E.
1885-1888 Uruguay ▤ Robert
1909-1912 France ▤ Gerhard Adolph
1922-1929 Ecuador ▤ Jehu
1878-1881 Venezuela ▤ Jehu
1882-1884 Venezuela ▤ Lewis
1893-1897 Costa Rica ▤ Lewis
1893-1897 El Salvador ▤ Lewis
1893-1897 Nicaragua ▤ Edgar
1924-1925 Japan ▤ George
1846-1849 United Kingdom ▤ James
1828-1829 United Kingdom ▤ Joel
1811-1812 France ▤ Washington
1841-1844 Portugal ▤ Seth
1848-1849 Chile ▤ Herman B.
1945-1947 Portugal ▤ Herman B.
1947-1949 Netherlands ▤ George S.
1890-1892 Portugal ▤ Henry
1869-1873 Honduras ▤ Richard H.
1851-1853 Belgium ▤ Thomas F.
1893-1897 United Kingdom ▤ Moses Yale
1843 Mexico ▤ Truxtun
1892-1893 Greece ▤ Willard L.
1953-1956 Chile ▤ Arthur M.
1908-1911 Netherlands ▤ Henry
1853-1858 Denmark ▤ Isaac, Jr.
1885-1888 Netherlands ▤ August
1853-1854 Netherlands ▤ Adolf A., Jr.
1945-1946 Brazil ▤ Maurice M.
1960-1965 Ecuador ▤ A. J. Drexel, Jr.
1941-1943 Greece ▤ Anthony J. Drexel, Jr.
1941-1942 Netherlands ▤ Anthony Joseph Drexel, Jr.
1941-1943 Belgium ▤ Thomas
1871-1873 El Salvador ▤ John
1864-1866 France ▤ John
1857-1861 Chile ▤ John
1873-1885 Japan ▤ Robert Worth
1933-1937 United Kingdom ▤ Thomas H.
1913-1922 Portugal ▤ James
1876-1882 Netherlands ▤ Jacob B.
1868-1873 Costa Rica ▤ Harmanus
1839-1842 Netherlands ▤ Henry T.
1861-1862 Venezuela ▤ Henry T.
1869-1870 Brazil ▤
Pierre de Lagarde 1941-1942 Nicaragua ▤ George H.
1871-1875 Turkey ▤ Ralph H.
1930-1931 Denmark ▤ Solon
1853-1854 Nicaragua ▤ Solon
1854 Costa Rica ▤ Solon
1854 Honduras ▤ William
1841-1845 Italy ▤ Henry Sherman
1911-1913 Switzerland ▤ Herbert W.
1901-1905 Venezuela ▤ Claude G.
1939-1953 Chile ▤ Edward S.
1888-1889 Mexico ▤ Thomas L. L.
1825-1834 Portugal ▤ Kingman, Jr.
1977-1981 United Kingdom ▤ Ellis O.
1947-1949 Uruguay ▤ Ellis O.
1956-1959 Brazil ▤ James
1893-1895 Switzerland ▤ Ethan A.
1831-1834 Brazil ▤ James
1824-1829 France ▤ Philip Marshall
1909-1910 Honduras ▤ John Ross
1868-1869 China ▤ David K. E.
1949-1952 France ▤ David K. E.
1961-1969 United Kingdom ▤
Charles Page 1898-1902 Brazil ▤ Charles Page
1902 Switzerland ▤ Charles Page
1903-1910 Portugal ▤ Charles Page
1909-1911 Belgium ▤ Charles Page
1911-1912 Japan ▤