Historical Record Lists; Last: Martin Search: 1300s
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1836-1838 AR Pulaski Co ▤ Board of Education A. B.
1885 OH Ashtabula Co Geneva ▤ Ministers A. C.
1881 OH Guernsey Co Harmony Evangelical Lutheran Church ▤ Ministers A. C.
1881 OH Guernsey Co Pleasant City, St Pauls Lutheran Church ▤ Board of Education A. D.
1885 OH Mahoning Co Youngstown ▤ Principals A. E.
1924 MO Jackson Co Kansas City ▤ Ministers A. Edward
1905-1910 VT Windham Co West Townshend, Congregational Church ▤ Ministers A. Edward
1910-1914 VT Windham Co West Dover, Congregational Church ▤ Ministers A. Edward
1910-1914 VT Windham Co Wilmington, Congregational Church ▤ Ministers A. H.
1907-1908 PA Indiana Co Cookport, Methodist Church ▤ Physicians A. H.
1910 MA Essex Co Lynn, Union Hospital ▤ Board of Education A. J.
1885 OH Clinton Co Wilmington ▤ Sheriffs A. J.
1901 NC Cherokee Co ▤ School Superintendents A. J.
1902 NC Yadkin Co ▤ Physicians A. J.
1907 NY Niagara Co North Tonawanda ▤ Sheriffs A. L.
1876-1878 MO Daviess Co ▤ Railroads A. M.
1902 TN Davidson Co Nashville, Nashville, Chattanooga and St Louis Railway ▤ State Representatives A. N.
1875 IN Adams Co ▤ Ministers A. P.
1851 SC Colleton Co Waterboro, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers A. P.
1855-1857 SC Laurens Co Methodist Church ▤ Ministers A. R.
1875 VA Staunton Methodist Church ▤ Ministers A. R.
1894 MD Baltimore City St Pauls Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Aaron J.
1919-1920 PA Adams Co Orrtanna, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Aaron J.
1920-1923 PA Adams Co York Springs, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Aaron J.
1923-1924 PA Juniata Co East Waterford, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Aaron J.
1924-1927 PA Perry Co New Bloomfield, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Aaron J.
1927-1928 PA Mifflin Co McVeytown, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Aaron J.
1928 PA Mifflin Co Yeagertown, Methodist Church ▤ Physicians Aaron Wise
1918 VA Carroll Co Hillsville ▤ Teachers Abama G.
1926 MD Baltimore City Thomas Johnson School ▤ Rectors & Vicars Abel de St
1293 England Kent Bromley, St Peter and St Paul Church ▤ Physicians Abel H.
1903 CA Sacramento Co Walnut Grove ▤ Justices of the Peace Abner
1823 IN Washington Co ▤ State Representatives Abner
1826 IN Washington Co ▤ Teachers Ada
1895 CA San Francisco Co San Francisco, Stanford School ▤ Graduates Ada Belle
1910 MA Hampshire Co Northampton, Smith College ▤ State Representatives Adam
1787 NY Washington Co ▤ Ministers Addison P.
1848 SC Spartanburg Co Spartanburg, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Addison P.
1852 SC Darlington Co Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Addison P.
1859-1861 SC Laurens Co Methodist Church ▤ Librarians Adele Crawford
1920-1923 NY New York Co New York City, Public Library ▤ Librarians Adele Crawford
1921-1929 RI Washington Co Westerly, Public Library ▤ Librarians Adele Crawford
1923-1924 VA Hampton Hampton Institute ▤ Graduates Adolphus K.
1844 KY Boyle Co Danville, Centre College ▤ Graduates Adolphus K.
1846-1847 NJ Mercer Co Princeton, Princeton Theological Seminary ▤ Ministers Adolphus K.
1848-1849 TN Rutherford Co Murfreesboro, Presbyterian Church ▤ Teachers Adolphus K.
1850-1853 KY Jefferson Co Louisville ▤ Teachers Adolphus K.
1853-1855 MO St Louis City ▤ Graduates Agnes Eulalie
1898 MA Hampshire Co Northampton, Smith College ▤ Teachers Agnes H.
1905 NY Kings Co Brooklyn, Union and Henry Sts School ▤ Baseball Players Al
1872 NY Kings Co Brooklyn ▤ Baseball Players Al
1874-1875 NY Kings Co Brooklyn ▤ Graduates Albert
1859 NY Madison Co Hamilton, Colgate Theological Seminary ▤ Ministers Albert
1863-1865 NY Otsego Co Westford, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1873-1877 NY Broome Co Harpursville, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1878-1881 NY Broome Co Conklin Center, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1880-1883 NY Broome Co Conklin, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1881-1883 NY Madison Co North Brookfield, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1885-1888 NY Schuyler Co Reading Center, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1888-1892 NY Steuben Co Avoca, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1892-1896 NY Steuben Co Wayne, Baptist Church ▤ Ministers Albert
1896-1899 NY Chemung Co Millport, Baptist Church ▤ Clothiers Albert
1915 CA Los Angeles Co Los Angeles ▤ Ministers Albert B.
1892-1894 CO Larimer Co Fort Collins, Presbyterian Church ▤ Ministers Albert B.
1896 CO Gilpin Co Central City, Presbyterian Church ▤ Architects Albert C.
1915 CA Los Angeles Co Los Angeles ▤ Graduates Albert Harry
1897 MA Suffolk Co Boston University Law School ▤ State Representatives Alburto
1859 AL Jefferson Co ▤ State Representatives Alburto
1859-1863 AL ▤ Attorneys Alburto
1880 AL Jefferson Co Birmingham ▤ Physicians Alden E.
1907 NJ Warren Co Hackettstown ▤ Rectors & Vicars Alexander
1606 England Leicestershire Shawell, Parish Church ▤ Ministers Alexander
1619 Scotland Aberdeenshire Longside, Scots Church ▤ Attorneys Alexander
1772 NC Guilford Co ▤ State Representatives Alexander
1774-1775 NC ▤ State Senators Alexander
1779-1782 NC ▤ Governors
Alexander ↩ 1789-1792 NC ▤
Born in New Jersey in 1740, Alexander Martin was a North Carolinian politician and delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention. Aside from his role in the Constitutional Convention, Martin witnessed several significant chapters in colonial and early U.S. history, including the Regulator Rebellion, the Revolutionary War, and the North Carolina ratification debates.
Martin held bachelor's and master's degrees from Princeton University (then called the College of New Jersey), making him one of the most erudite delegates to the Constitutional Convention. After graduating from Princeton, Martin moved to Salisbury, North Carolina. There he worked first as a merchant and later as an attorney. As his legal career took shape, the Regulator Rebellion began. On September 24, 1770, a bevy of angry Regulators took over the Hillsboro Court. When their demonstration spilled onto the streets of Hillsboro, several lawyers, including Martin, who likely was serving as a justice of the peace, were whipped and beaten.
By 1774, Martin had become judge of the Salisbury district. When the American Revolution began, he served as a colonel in Richard Caswell's militia in North Carolina. After Martin's promotion to colonel, his regiment joined George Washington's army. In October 1777, at the Battle of Germantown, thick fog caused Martin and the soldiers under his command to mistake British troops for Continental soldiers. After this debacle, Martin faced a court-martial for cowardice. Though not convicted, Martin resigned from the army due to stress and poor health.
In 1778, while still recuperating from his military service, Martin was elected to the North Carolina Senate. His tenure in the Senate was eventful: he served as president of the Senate's Board of War and in 1781 became acting governor of North Carolina when the sitting governor, Thomas Burke, was kidnapped by Tories. In 1782, the General Assembly elected Martin governor of North Carolina. While the cessation of hostilities had eliminated the gravest threat to North Carolina, the end of the Revolution posed many challenges, the most pressing of which was the question of how to treat Tory and Loyalist property. Martin resisted popular pressure to confiscate and redistribute this property, instead advocating its return to all except for North Carolina's more infamous Tories.
After Martin's gubernatorial term ended, he returned to the General Assembly, where he soon became speaker of the Senate. In 1787, the General Assembly elected him delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, where the difficulties of the U.S. government under the Articles of Confederation would be weighed. Martin arrived in Philadelphia before the start of the convention and stayed until late August, a few weeks before the convention's close. He played little public role in the debates there, and he was not appointed to any of the convention's committees. He seconded several minor motions, none of which profoundly affected the course of the convention. Because Martin left the Federal Convention early, he did not sign the Constitution.
In 1788, Martin sought election to the
Hillsborough Constitutional Convention, where North Carolina would consider ratifying the Constitution. A proponent of the Federal Constitution, Martin was helpless in the face of a wave of Anti-Federalist sentiment in North Carolina. Delegates were selected county by county, and Martin, who lived in the predominantly Anti-Federalist Guilford County, ran at a disadvantage. His opponent in the election - the Anti-Federalist Presbyterian minister David Caldwell - won a seat, as did four of his congregation. Martin was the only delegate to the Federal Convention who sought election to a state convention and lost.
Martin's failure in Guilford County did not reflect any loss of popularity in the General Assembly. He was again elected governor in 1789 and held the office until 1792, when he reached the office's term limit. During his second gubernatorial tenure, a permanent seat of North Carolina government, named Raleigh, was founded in Wake County. Moreover, Martin effected the establishment of the University of North Carolina in 1789.
Immediately after Martin left the governor's seat, he joined the U.S. Senate. His legislative record in the 1790s indicates that Martin's political views were nuanced. Though he had supported the ratification of the Federal Constitution and had always run for election as a Federalist, he repeatedly voted against the Federalists in the 1790s. His convictions appear to have become more Federalist in the midst of the XYZ affair, and he voted for all of the Alien and Sedition Acts.
In 1799, Martin, having lost the support of North Carolina Federalists, was voted out of the Senate. He returned to the North Carolina General Assembly in 1804, and in 1805 again became Speaker of the North Carolina Senate. He died in 1807.
An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States (Mineola, New York, 2004); David F. Burg, A World History of Tax Rebellions (New York, 2004); Carol Berkin, A Brilliant Solution: Inventing the American Constitution (New York, 2003); Charles D. Rodenbough, Governor Alexander Martin (Jefferson, North Carolina, 2004); Charles D. Rodenbough, 'Martin, Alexander,' in Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, ed. Charles S. Powell (Chapel Hill, 1991); John R. Vile, The Constitutional Convention: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of America's Founding (Santa Barbara, 2005).
1790-1807 NC Orange Co Chapel Hill, University Of NC ▤ Ministers Alexander
1806 NY Delaware Co Davenport, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Alexander
1849-1851 PA Mercer Co Hermitage, Charleston Methodist Church ▤ Trustees Alexander
1853-1856 NC Mecklenburg Co Davidson College ▤ Professors Alexander
1855-1864 PA Crawford Co Meadville, Allegheny College ▤ Ministers Alexander
1869-1895 VA Danville Presbyterian Church ▤ Trustees Alexander
1871-1895 VA Richmond City Union Presbyterian Seminary ▤ Others Alexander
1915 CA Los Angeles Co Los Angeles, Alexandria Hotel Co ▤ Graduates Alexander Bain
1917 MA Suffolk Co Boston, Boston University ▤ Railroads Alexander H.
1915 CA Los Angeles Co Los Angeles, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad ▤ Ministers Alexander Hadley
1902-1904 PA Fayette Co Fairchance, Methodist Church Circuit ▤ Ministers Alexander Hadley
1904-1906 PA Fayette Co Broad Ford, Methodist Church Circuit ▤ Ministers Alexander Hadley
1906-1908 PA Allegheny Co Springdale, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Alexander Hadley
1912-1913 PA Greene Co Morrisville, Methodist Church ▤ Ministers Alexander Stuart
1894-1912 Scotland Perthshire Scone, Scots Church ▤ Railroads Alfred
1866 Wilmington and Weldon Railroad ▤ Ministers Alfred
1895-1896 IA Kossuth Co Lu Verne, Presbyterian Church ▤ Ministers Alfred
1896 IA Greene Co Paton, Presbyterian Church ▤ Ministers Alfred
1896 IA Kossuth Co Irvington, Presbyterian Church ▤ Ministers Alfred
1900 IA Monona Co Mapleton, Presbyterian Church ▤ Mayors Alfred
1900-1901 GA Richmond Co Augusta ▤ Ministers Alfred
1909-1911 VT Addison Co Ferrisburgh, Congregational Church ▤ Attorneys Alfred Edward
1913 IN St Joseph Co South Bend ▤