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Counterparts, Colleagues, & Adversaries

List of rulers in other provinces and countries at the same time, in the year
Philip II of SpainPhilip II of Spain1581-1598MonarchPortugal
Joao I, Duke of Braganza1563-1583DukePortugal, Braganza
Charles Ii, Archduke of AustriaCharles Ii, Archduke of Austria1564-1590ArchdukeAustria, Austria
Rudolf II Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II Holy Roman Emperor1576-1608ArchdukeAustria, Austria
Philip II of SpainPhilip II of Spain1556-1598CountBelgium, Flanders
Wilhelmus Van Craesbeeck1545-1582LordBelgium, of Craesbeeck
Henry III of FranceHenry III of France1574-1589MonarchFrance
Henry I, Duke of Guise1563-1588DukeFrance, Guise
Charles III, Duke of LorraineCharles III, Duke of Lorraine1545-1608DukeFrance, Lorraine
Charles of LorraineCharles of Lorraine1572-1611DukeFrance, Mayenne
Henri I de MontmorencyHenri I de Montmorency1579-1614DukeFrance, Montmorency
Henriette of Kleve1564-1601DuchessFrance, Nevers
Charles Emmanuel of SavoyCharles Emmanuel of Savoy1580-1630DukeFrance, Savoy
Rudolf II Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II Holy Roman Emperor1575-1612MonarchGermany
Rudolf II Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II Holy Roman Emperor1576-1612MonarchGermany, Holy Roman Empire
Anna of Veldenz1577-1584CountessGermany, Baden Durlach
Erich II Duke of Brunswick1545-1584DukeGermany, Brunswick Luneburg
William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-LüneburgWilliam the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg1559-1592DukeGermany, Brunswick Luneburg
Georg I Landgraf of Hesse-DarmstadtGeorg I Landgraf of Hesse-Darmstadt1567-1596LandgraveGermany, Hesse Darmstadt
Wilhelm IV of Hesse-Kassel1567-1592LandgraveGermany, Hesse Kassel
Johann VII, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin1576-1592DukeGermany, Mecklenburg Schwerin
Philipp IV Count of Nassau-Weilburg1574-1602CountGermany, Nassau Saarbrucken
Albrecht I of Nassau-Weilburg1559-1593CountGermany, Nassau Weilburg
Johann XVI Count of Oldenburg1573-1603CountGermany, Oldenburg
Albrecht Friedrich of Prussia1568-1618DukeGermany, Prussia
Louis III Duke of WurttembergLouis III Duke of Wurttemberg1569-1593DukeGermany, Wurttemberg
Charles I Von WittelsbachCharles I Von Wittelsbach1569-1600DukeGermany, Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Rudolf II Holy Roman EmperorRudolf II Holy Roman Emperor1576-1612MonarchHungary
Philip II of SpainPhilip II of Spain1554-1598MonarchItaly, Naples
Alfonso II D' EsteAlfonso II D' Este1559-1597DukeItaly, Ferrara
Guglielmo Gonzaga1550-1587DukeItaly, Mantua
Alfonso II D' EsteAlfonso II D' Este1559-1597DukeItaly, Modena
Octavio Farnese1547-1586DukeItaly, Parma
Francesco I De' Medici1574-1587Grand DukeItaly, Tuscany
Francisco Maria II Della Rovere1574-1625DukeItaly, Urbino
Willem I Prince of OrangeWillem I Prince of Orange1581-1584MonarchNetherlands
Philip II of SpainPhilip II of Spain1556-1598MonarchSpain
Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France1572-1610MonarchSpain, Navarre