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Counterparts, Colleagues, & Adversaries

List of rulers in other provinces and countries at the same time, in the year
Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France1610-1643MonarchFrance
Charles, Duke of Guise1588-1640DukeFrance, Guise
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency1632-1650DuchessFrance, Montmorency
Charles Emmanuel Ii, Duke of SavoyCharles Emmanuel Ii, Duke of Savoy1638-1675DukeFrance, Savoy
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1637-1657ArchdukeAustria, Austria
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665DukeBelgium, Brabant
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665CountBelgium, Flanders
Ferdinand of BavariaFerdinand of Bavaria1612-1650ArchbishopGermany, Cologne
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1636-1653MonarchGermany
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1637-1657MonarchGermany, Holy Roman Empire
Frederick V, Margrave of Baden-DurlachFrederick V, Margrave of Baden-Durlach1622-1659MargraveGermany, Baden Durlach
Albert II of Brandenburg-Ansbach1634-1667MargraveGermany, Brandenburg,Ansbach
Christian of Brandenburg-Bayreuth1604-1655MargraveGermany, Brandenburg,Bayreuth
Augustus of Brunswick-L√ľneburgAugustus of Brunswick-L√ľneburg1635-1666DukeGermany, Brunswick Luneburg
Georg of Brunswick-Luneburg1635-1641DukeGermany, Brunswick Luneburg
George II of Hesse-darmstadtGeorge II of Hesse-darmstadt1626-1661LandgraveGermany, Hesse Darmstadt
Wilhelm VI of Hesse-KasselWilhelm VI of Hesse-Kassel1637-1663LandgraveGermany, Hesse Kassel
Frederick I of Hesse-Homburg1622-1638LandgraveGermany, Hesse-Homburg
Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-GottorpFrederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp1616-1659DukeGermany, Holstein Gottorp
Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin1631-1658DukeGermany, Mecklenburg Schwerin
Wilhelm Ludwig of Nassau-Saarbrucken1627-1640CountGermany, Nassau Saarbrucken
Joachim Ernst of Oettingen1622-1659CountGermany, Oettingen
Anthony Gunther OldenburgAnthony Gunther Oldenburg1603-1667CountGermany, Oldenburg
Eberhard III Duke of WurttembergEberhard III Duke of Wurttemberg1628-1674DukeGermany, Wurttemberg
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1627-1657MonarchHungary
Francesco I D' Este1629-1658DukeItaly, Modena
Odoardo Farnese1622-1646DukeItaly, Parma
Ferdinando II de MediciFerdinando II de Medici1621-1670Grand DukeItaly, Tuscany
Wladyslaw IV of PolandWladyslaw IV of Poland1632-1648MonarchPoland
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665MonarchPortugal
John IV of PortugalJohn IV of Portugal1630-1656DukePortugal, Braganza
John SpottiswoodeJohn Spottiswoode1615-1639ArchbishopScotland, St Andrews
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665MonarchSpain