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Counterparts, Colleagues, & Adversaries

List of rulers in other provinces and countries at the same time, in the year
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1637-1657ArchdukeAustria, Austria
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665DukeBelgium, Brabant
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665CountBelgium, Flanders
Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France1643-1715MonarchFrance
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency1632-1650DuchessFrance, Montmorency
Charles Emmanuel Ii, Duke of SavoyCharles Emmanuel Ii, Duke of Savoy1638-1675DukeFrance, Savoy
Ferdinand of BavariaFerdinand of Bavaria1612-1650ArchbishopGermany, Cologne
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1636-1653MonarchGermany
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1637-1657MonarchGermany, Holy Roman Empire
Frederick V, Margrave of Baden-DurlachFrederick V, Margrave of Baden-Durlach1622-1659MargraveGermany, Baden Durlach
Albert II of Brandenburg-Ansbach1634-1667MargraveGermany, Brandenburg,Ansbach
Christian of Brandenburg-Bayreuth1604-1655MargraveGermany, Brandenburg,Bayreuth
Augustus of Brunswick-L√ľneburgAugustus of Brunswick-L√ľneburg1635-1666DukeGermany, Brunswick Luneburg
Georg  Wilhelm Duke of Brunswick-LuneburgGeorg Wilhelm Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg1648-1665DukeGermany, Brunswick Luneburg
George II of Hesse-darmstadtGeorge II of Hesse-darmstadt1626-1661LandgraveGermany, Hesse Darmstadt
Wilhelm VI of Hesse-KasselWilhelm VI of Hesse-Kassel1637-1663LandgraveGermany, Hesse Kassel
William Christoph of Hesse-Homburg1648-1669LandgraveGermany, Hesse-Homburg
Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-GottorpFrederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp1616-1659DukeGermany, Holstein Gottorp
Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin1631-1658DukeGermany, Mecklenburg Schwerin
Joachim Ernst of Oettingen1622-1659CountGermany, Oettingen
Anthony Gunther OldenburgAnthony Gunther Oldenburg1603-1667CountGermany, Oldenburg
Ernst Herzog of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg1640-1675DukeGermany, Saxe Gotha
Eberhard III Duke of WurttembergEberhard III Duke of Wurttemberg1628-1674DukeGermany, Wurttemberg
Ferdinand III Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand III Holy Roman Emperor1627-1657MonarchHungary
Ferdinand IV of HungaryFerdinand IV of Hungary1647-1654MonarchHungary
Francesco I D' Este1629-1658DukeItaly, Modena
Ranuccio II Farnese1646-1694DukeItaly, Parma
Ferdinando II de MediciFerdinando II de Medici1621-1670Grand DukeItaly, Tuscany
William II Prince of OrangeWilliam II Prince of Orange1647-1650MonarchNetherlands
Wladyslaw IV of PolandWladyslaw IV of Poland1632-1648MonarchPoland
John IV of PortugalJohn IV of Portugal1640-1656MonarchPortugal
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665MonarchPortugal
John IV of PortugalJohn IV of Portugal1630-1656DukePortugal, Braganza
Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain1621-1665MonarchSpain