Logo Our Family Tree Branch: Ray's Extended Family Tree Ray's Extended Family Tree
Grand
Parents
Louis IX King of France + Marguerite Countess of ProvenceJaime I "The Conqueror" Pedrez King of Aragon + Jolan Princess of HungaryTheobaldo I "The Great" King of Navarre + Marguerite de BourbonRobert I Count of Artois + Mahaut (Maud) de Brabant
Parents
Philip III King of France1 MAY 1245 -- 5 OCT 1285avatar
Isabelle Princess of Aragon1247 -- 28 JAN 1271avatar
Henri (Enrique) of Navarre1244 -- 22 JUL 1274avatar
Blanche of Artois1248 -- 2 MAY 1302avatar
Spouses
Marriage16 AUG 1284
Names

Events
Philippe_IV_Le_Bel.jpg

Philip IV King of France

Birth1268
 
Occup1284-1305
 
Flag of
Occup1285-1314
 
Flag of France
History1294
 
Anglo-French War
Commander
European Battles
Death29 OCT 1314
 
Grave
 
Aged: 46.8 years
Philip IV (of France), called The Fair (1268-1314), king of France (1285-1314), known for his conflict with the papacy. The son and successor of King Philip III, he was born in Fontainebleau. Through marriage he became the ruler of Navarre and Champagne. Between 1294 and 1296 he seized Guienne, in southwestern France, a possession of Edward I, king of England. In 1297 war ensued with England and with Flanders, England's ally. Under the terms of a truce made in 1299, Philip withdrew from Guienne and Edward withdrew from Flanders, leaving it to the French. A revolt broke out at Bruges, however, and at the Battle of Courtrai in 1302, the French army was disastrously defeated by Flemish burghers. The great event of Philip's reign was his struggle with Pope Boniface VII, which grew out of Philip's attempt to levy taxes against the clergy. By the bull Clericis Laicos (1296) Boniface forbade the clergy to pay taxes to a secular power, and Philip replied by forbidding the export of coins, thereby depriving the pope of French revenues. A temporary reconciliation was ended by a fresh outbreak of the quarrel when Philip arrested the papal legate in 1301 and summoned the first French Estates-General. This assembly, which was composed of clergy, nobles, and burghers, gave support to Philip. Boniface retaliated with the celebrated bull Unam Sanctam (1302), a declaration of papal supremacy. Philip's partisans then imprisoned Boniface. The pope escaped but died soon afterward. In 1305 Philip obtained the election of one of his own adherents as pope, Clement V, and compelled him to reside in France. Thus began the so-called Babylonian Captivity of the papacy (1309-77), during which the popes lived at Avignon and were subjected to French control. In 1307 Philip arrested Grand Master Jacques de Molay of the Knights Templars, and in 1312 he forced the pope to suppress the religious and military order. Their wealth was confiscated by the king, and many members were burned at the stake. Also, as a result of his financial needs, Philip greatly increased taxes, debased the coinage several times, and arrested the Jews and the Lombards (Italian bankers), appropriating the assets of the former and demanding large subsidies from the latter. He died October 29, 1314, at Fontainebleau.
ChildrenFirst NameBirth DtDeath DtBirth PlaceSpouses
1+

Louis X of 

4 OCT 12895 JUN 1316  France, Ile-de-France, Paris Clementia of Hungary, Margaret of Burgundy 
2+

Philip V of 

1291/12923 JAN 1322  France, Ile-de-France, Paris Jeanne of Burgundy 
3+

Isabella of 

129221 DEC 1358  France, Ile-de-France, Paris Edward II King of England 
4+

Charles IV of 

19 JUN 12941 FEB 1328  France, Picardie, Oise, Clermont Jeanne d' Evreux, Blanche of Burgundy, Marie de Luxembourg 
Pics & Attach-
ments
  • Grave, Saint Denis Basilique, Paris, France
  • Palace of Fontainbleu
  • Chateau of Vincennes
SuggestTo suggest changes to these records, login & edit by choosing options to edit, & your suggested changes will be saved for the record moderator to review.
Sources
  1. Wikipedia
  2. Other: Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.;
  3. Website: The Genealogy Forum;
  4. Website: Mike Reed;
  1. Wikipedia
  2. Findagrave Jeanne I de Navarre
  3. Website: Jim Weber;
Explore
 
Politicians
 
Politicians
Added
Updated7-3-2017 06:16 PM3-18-2017 02:38 PM
More Show Moderators/Owners
Login or Email:
Password:

Don't have a login? Register!
Why register?I forgot my login....