Sir Francis Bacon
Aged: 66.2 years
Sir Francis Bacon, 1st and last Viscount Saint Alban was born on 22 January 1560/61 at York House, The Strand, London, England.2 He was the son of Sir Nicholas Bacon and Anne Cooke.1,2 He was baptised on 25 January 1561 at St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Covent Garden, London, England.2 He married Alice Barnham, daughter of Benedict Barnham and Dorothea Smith, on 10 May 1606 at Marylebone Chapel, Marylebone, London, England.3 He died on 9 April 1626 at age 65 at Earlk of Arundel's house, Highgate, Middlesex, England, from bronchitis, without issue.3 He was buried at St. Michael's Church, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.4 He died intestate and his estate was administered to two creditors on 18 July 1627, with total debts of 22,371 and assets of only Â£7,000.4 Sir Francis Bacon, 1st and last Viscount Saint Alban matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, on 5 April 1573.2 He was admitted to Gray's Inn, as an "ancient" on 27 June 1575.2 He was attached to Sir Amias Paulet's Embassy to France from September 1576 to March 1578/79.2 He was a practising barrister on 27 June 1582.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Melcombe Regis from November 1584 to September 1586.2 He held the office of Bencher of Gray's Inn in 1586.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Taunton from October 1586 to March 1586/87.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Liverpool from November 1588 to March 1588/89.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Middlesex from November 1592 to April 1593.2 He graduated from Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, on 27 July 1594 with a Master of Arts (M.A.).2 He was invested as a Queen's Counsel (Q.C.) in 1595.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Ipswich from October 1597 to February 1597/98.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Ipswich from October 1601 to December 1601.2 He was invested as a Knight on 23 July 1603 at the coronotation of King James I.5 He was Commissioner for the Treaty of Union with Scotland in 1604.5 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Ipswich from March 1603/4 to February 1610/11.2 He was invested as a King's Counsel (K.C.) on 18 August 1604.5 He held the office of Solicitor-General from 25 June 1607 to 1613.5 He held the office of Clerk of the Council in the Star Chamber in 1608, worth Â£1,600 per year.5 He held the office of Councillor for the Colony of Virginia in 1609.5 He held the office of Treasurer of Gray's Inn on 7 October 1609.5 He held the office of Joint Judge of the Marshalsea in 1611.5 He held the office of Attorney-General from 27 October 1613 to 1617.5 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for the University of Cambridge from April 1614 to June 1614.2 He held the office of High Steward of St. Albans in 1616.5 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 9 June 1616.5 He held the office of Chancellor and Keeper of the Great Seal of the Prince of Wales before 1617.5 He held the office of High Steward of Cambridge between 1617 and 1626.5 He held the office of Councillor of Wales in August 1617.5 He held the office of Lord High Chancellor from 7 January 1617/18 to 30 April 1621.5 He was created 1st Baron of Verulam, co. Hertford [England] on 12 July 1618.5 He was created 1st Viscount Saint Alban [England] on 27 January 1620/21.5 On 3 March 1620/21 he was sentence to pay a fine of Â£40,000, to be imprisioned in the Tower, to be ejected from Parliament and his other offices, and to not come within 12 miles of the Court, all for supposedly accepting bribes.5 On 12 June 1621 he was released from the Tower, and the fine was returned by the King to trustees for his own use.5 In October 1621 he was granted a full pardon, although the restriction of 12 miles within the Court was not lifted until 1622.5 His last will was dated 19 December 1625.4 On his death, all of his titles became extinct.4 Holdsworth stated that "he was a more complete lawyer than any of his contemporaries. Not only was he an eminent practioner in the common law; not only did he leave his mark as lord chancellor upon the development of equity; he also studied Englaish law and law in general scientifically and critically."5 Church wrote that "Bacon was one of those men to whom posterity forgives a great deal, for the greatness of what he was done and attempted for posterity. It is idle, unless all honest judgment is foregone, to disguise the many deplorable shortcomings of his life; it is unjust to have one measure for him, and another for those about him and opposed to him. But it is not too much to say that in temper, in honesty, in labour, in humility, in reverence, he was the most perfect example that the world has yet seen of the student of nature, the enthusiast for knowledge ... his genuine devotion, so unwearied and so paramount, to a great idea and a great purpose for the good of all generations to come, must shield him from the insult of Pope's famous and shallow epigram."4 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.
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Aged: 58 years
Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626). . . . As early as 1603 Bacon had mentioned that he had ‘found out an alderman's daughter, an handsome maiden, to my liking’ (Works, 10.80). Almost three years later, on 10 May 1606, he married her at Marylebone chapel. She was Alice (1592–1650), a daughter of Benedict Barnham, a wealthy London alderman. Bacon was forty-five, she was barely fourteen.
Barnham, Benedict (bap. 1559, d.1598), merchant and benefactor . . . On 28 April 1583 Barnham married Dorothy (d. 1639), daughter of Ambrose Smith of Cheapside, silkman to the queen, at St Clement, Eastcheap. A son and three daughters died in infancy. Four daughters survived to marry: Elizabeth married Mervin Touchet, second earl of Castlehaven; Alice, ‘a little violent lady’ (Spedding, 3.290), became the wife of Sir Francis Baconin 1606.
The testator was the son of John Smith (d.1545?) of Withcote, Leicestershire, and Dorothy (nee Cave) Smith Poole, the daughter of Richard Cave (d.1538) and his second wife, Margaret Saxby. ourfamtree.org