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John Calvert

Oxford University
Death15 APR 1632
Aged: 107.3 years
Arizo Arizo AlberBEF 1617 Ireland-manor Of Baltimore, 2300 Acres In Langfrod

George Calvert was the First Lord Baltimore.
!NOTE: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File(TM); ; July 1996 (c), data as of 2 January 1996; ; , Family HistoryLibrary, 35 N West Temple Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84150 USA
!SOURCE: All information from David Brown, ancestry.com
!SOURCE: all information from David Brown, ancestry.com
Sir George Calvert, Knight, was created (by King James I.) Baron (i.e.,Lord) Baltimore of Baltimore, County Longford, Ireland, in1625; he died15 April, 1639 and was succeeded (Governor the HonorableLeonard Calvertbeing his second son) by his eldest son, Cecil Calvert.Cecil, second LordBaltimore, b. 1605;d. 1675;m.1627, Lady Anne Arundelland was succeeded byhis only surviving son Charles Calvert I.

George Calvert,1, b. 1579;d.15th April, 1632, graduated from Oxfordandbecame private secretary to Sir Robert Cecil, through whose influencehewas introduced to court life; in 1613 he was Clerk of the CrownandAssize in the County of Clare , ierland, and Clerk of the PrivyCouncil in1617; in the latter year he was knighted at Hampton Court byKing JamesI, and was a Member of the Commission for winding up theaffairs of theVirginia Company; he was Member of Parliament for yorkshire in 1621 andlater was Principal Secretary of State to James I, whichoffice heresigned in 1625; the same year he created Baron Baltimore ofBaltimore.From his friend, the King, he obtained a grant of land inNewfoundland,which he calle d Avalon; his settlement there having proveda failure, thegrant of Maryland was given to him, but he died before ithad passed theGreat Seal and was buried in the Chancil of St. Dunstan'sin the West,London. Lord Baltimore was twice marrie d, m.(1st) 22dNov.,1604, AnneMynne. Lady Calvert was b. 20th Nov., 1579 and d. 8th Aug.1622, dau, ofGeorge and Elizabeth (Wrothe) Mynne and gd.dau. of SirThomas Wroth ofDurance Enfield, Essex, whose wife was the Lady Mary Rich,dau. of L ordChancellor Rich. Lord Baltimore m. (2nd) circa 1625, a ladywhose name is variouslyrecorded as Joan, Arabella, etc.;thes LadyBaltimore is supposed to havebeen drowned off the coast of Virginia in1630.
From Ancestral File (TM), data as of 2 January 1996.
Batch #: 7232229, Sheet #: 53, Source Call #: 822072 Batch #: 8475702,Sheet #: 08, Source Call #: 1395818 Batch #: 7428912, Sheet #: 26, SourceCall #: 935284 Batch #: 7232229, Sheet #: 53, Source Call #: 822072Batch #: 8475702, Sheet # :08, Source Call #: 1395818 Batch #: 7428912,Sheet #: 26, Source Call #: 935284
NOTE: spouse Grace 1589
John CALVERT is the 9th Maternal Great Grandfather of Arrel DwaineMARTIN.
Copyrighted but use freely for your self and families Not to be sent tofor profit company's
Of Moresome,nr Gisbrough in Yorkshire,England
He was of Kiplin, near Danby Wiske, Yorkshire, England. Buckey's "Hist.of CALVERTs," 1991 Info from Charles L. DUNN, 102362.1651@@compuserve.com
By 1617 he moved to Ireland from Moorsham, Yorkshire, England. Buckey's"Hist. of CALVERTs," 1991 PROOF of parents is lacking.
!NOTE: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File(TM); ; June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998; ; , Family History Library,35 N West Temple Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84150 USA
From Ancestral File (TM), data as of 5 JAN 1998.

From the book "George Calvert and Cecilius Calvert, Barons BaltimoreofBaltimore" by Wm. Hand Browne, Dodd, Mead and Company, New York,1890.p3. Age 14, "entered Trinity College, Oxford, as a commoner, andtookhis bachelor's degree in 159 7." "His college studies ended, hetravelledon the Continent, where it is probable that he made hisfirstacquaintance of Sir Robert Cecil, afterward his patron and thefounder ofhis fortunes...."
p.4 "In 1605 Calvert received his master's degree at Oxford..."
p. 5 " Calvert was a member of two of these commissions on Irelandandthe success of James I policy on conformity with religion andobedienceto the law of England] ....they dwell especially on the harmfulinfluenceof the Jesuits; a point w orth noting, as we shall see laterthat his sonand successor entertained a strong dislike and suspicion ofthat order."
pp 12-13. Browne lays the groundwork for Calvert's fall out offavorwhen the King's marriage plans to the Spanish Infanta fell throughandBuckingham switched to promoting the French side-which Calvertstronglyopposed. "...Calvert wisely took the advantage of this transientgleamof fair weather to steer the bark of his fortunes out of theperilousseas of political life. He avowed to the king that he had becomeaconvert to the faith of Rome, and asked to be allowed to resi gnhissecretaryship and retire to private life." "His request was granted.Calvert, according to the custom of the time, negotiated with SirAlbertMorton to vacate the secretaryship in his favour for the sum of#L6,000.The king, whose old affection for him had returned, retained himin thePrivy Council, notwithstanding his change of religion; and onFebruary16th, 1625, elevated him to the Irish peeriage as Baron BaltimoreofBaltimore, in the County of Longford."
"As early as 1609 he had been a member of the second Virginiacompany[with his friend Sir Robert Cecil] and was also one of theprovisionalcouncil for the management of the affairs of that colony aftertherevocation of the charter [in 1623 ], and one of the eighteencouncillorsof the New England Company in 1622."
p.16 "Calvert, in 1620, purchased a plantation on the island[NewFoundland] from Sir William Vaughan, which he named Avalon (It isnotabsolutely certain whether this name was given by Baltimore or one oftheearliest adventurers. His settl ement was usually called Ferryland,andfrom this his letters are dated,) from the consecrated spot towhichpious legend referred the introduction of Christianity intoBritain. Hesent out a number of colonists with proper implements and supplies, andplaced his plantation in charge of a Captain Wynne....Thesecheerfulreports were confirmed by the account of Captain RichardWhitbourne,whose "Westward Hoe for Avalon" was published in 1622." p 17"In 1622Calvert applied for a p atent, and received a grant of the wholeisland.This, however, was superceded by a regrant in March, 1623,conveying tohim the southeartern peninsula, which was erected into theprovince ofAvalon by a royal charter issued April 7th. Calvert , hisfamily (minus Cecilius) and his 2nd wife visited Avalon in1626, 1627.
p. 24 "..he was forced to see [in 1629] that he had been deceivedbyfalse representations, and that his colony, on which he had spent,inall, about twenty thousand pounds, was a failure"
"In 1637 [5 years after he died], on the alleged ground that theCalvertshad abandoned Avalon and forfeited the charter, the island wasgranted tothe marquis of Hamilton, the earls of Pembroke and Holland, andSir DavidKirke."
p. 32 ""In 1663 Avalon [after a protracted legal battle] was deliveredtoSwanley, Baltimore's governor, and seems to have prospered fairlywell.""From this time on the history of Avalon is almost a blank.Thesubsequent proprietaries seem to have neglected it altogether; andin1754 it was decided that the proprietary rights had lapsed fromlongdisuse, the charter was annuled, and Avalon as a distict provinceceasedto exist, though the name is still retained."
p33 "Calvert first introduced in America the palatinate formofgovernment in which powers virtually royal are vested in a singleperson."
Notes for George Calvert: 1606 Became private secty to Sir RobertCecil Clerk of the Crown,(also assize in County Clare,Ireland
1613 Clerk to the Privy Council 1617 Order of knighthood 1618 PrincipalSecty of State for England 1620 Lord of the Treasury 1620 Commissionerfor the office of treasurer Bought Avalon inNewfoundland 1624 BecameRoman Catholic & Resigned all Preferments with the TitleBaron Baltimore.1625 Retired from public life. 1629 Returned to England & requestedpatent N of VA to Mountains. 20 Jun 1632 Patent granted & Ceciliusbecame 2nd Baron of Baltimore. 1632 Buried Dunstan's in the West, London,England ---------------------- According to Descendants of VirginiaCalverts:
From the inscription which George, Lord Baltimore, had placed on thetombof his first wife, Ann (Mynne) Calvert, and from other sources, itislearned that he was the son of Leonard and Grace or Alicia(Crossland)Calvert, daughter of Thomas and Joanna (Hawksworth) Crossland,ofCrossland Hill, Yorkshire.
Thomas Crossland died Aug., 1587; and Joanna, his wife, died July, 1575.
George Calvert was born about 1579/80, in or near the village ofDanbyWiske, near the town of North Allerton, in North Riding,Yorkshire,England, son of Leonard, son of John and Margerie Calvert.This LeonardCalvert, father of George, was born about 1550 (estimated).He was acounty gentleman, apparently in easy circumstances, who ownedland andraised cattle. He married about 1575 (estimated) Grace (orAlicia)Crossland, daughter of Thomas and Joanna (Hawksworth) CrosslandofCrossland Hill, Yorkshire. (See Foster's Visitations of Yorkshire)anddescended from Roger de Crossland, of the time of Henry III.
1595. George Calvertentered Trinity College, Oxford as a co mmoner. 1597. Took hisdegree of B.A. 1604. Married "Thursday, Nov. 22, Mr. George Calvertof St. Martinsin the Felds, Gent., and Mrs. Anne Mynne of Bexley,Hertfordshire, at St.Peter's, Cornhill, London." (Parish Rec.) 1605.Received his first Master's Degree at Oxford. Became M.P.for Bosnay,Cornwall, and Private Secretary for Robert Cecil, Earl ofSalisbury, andappointed by King James I Clerk of the Crown and of Assizein CountyClare, Ireland, an office sai d to resembe that of AttorneyGeneral.1609. Member of Second Virginia Company, and one of theProvisionalCouncil for that Colony. 1613. Clerk of Privy Council. 1617. Sept. 29, Knighted by King James I. 1618. Secretary ofState. Received life pension of 1,000(pounds)per year. Obtained a grantof the Province of Avalon in New Foundland. 1619. Made PrincipalSecretary of State 1621. August 8, his wife, Anne Mynne Calvertdied. 1621. Feb. 18. The king granted him a manor of 2300 acres incountyLongford, Ireland. "These lands were held under the condition thatallsettlers upon them should take the oath of supremacy and 'becoformablein point of religion'; and when Calvert, four years later madeprofessionof the Roman Catholic faith, he surrendered his patent andreceived itback wit the religious clause omitted. These Longford estateswere thenerected into the manor of Baltimore, from which he took hisbaronialtit le." (William Hand Browne's "George and Cecilius Calvert,"p.11) 1622. Was one of eighteen Commissioners of the New EnglandCompany. 1623. March, a re-grant of the southeastern peninsula ofNewFoundland which was erected into the Province of Avalon by RoyalCharter,in which Lord Baltimore was given a palatinate or quasi-royalauthorityover the province, which was held in capite, by knight'sservice, withthe condition of giving the king or his successors a whitehors e wheneverhe or they should visit those parts. 1623. Became aRoman Catholic and offered to resign as Secretary ofState. He wasretained as Member of the Privy Council. 1624. Member of the Councilfor winding up the affairs of th eVirginia Company. Also M.P. forOxfordshire. 1625. Resigned as Principal Secretary of State, Feb 9.Feb. 16,created Irish Peer with the title of Baron Baltimore, ofBaltimore.(Note. No county is named in the enrollment of the Baltim orePatent.There was not and is not any place of that name in countyLongford, whichis the county usually assiged to this creation, but thechartered town ofBaltimore, county Cork, the only place of that name inIreland was thenone of consi derable size.) (The Genealogical Peerage ofthe UnitedKingdom, Vol. 1,p.226.) 1627. Second wife called "DameJoane Baltimore" by her husband in adeed. Lord Baltimore visited Avalonthis year, where he had spect some25,000(Pounds) in improvements. In aletter at this time he writes:"...am... bound for a long journey to aplace which I have had a longdesire to visit, and have now theopportunity and leave to do it. It isNewfoundland, I mean, which, itimports me, more that curiousity only, tosee, for I must either go andsettle it in better order, or give it overand lose all the charge I havebeen at hitherto for other men to buildtheir fortunes upon. And I hadrather be esteemed a fool by some for theh azard of one month's journey,than to prove myself one certainly for sixyears past if the business benow lost for the want of a little pains andcare."
"So in June of this year of 1627 he visited Avalon in person, arrivingatthe end of July. Though he came at the most favorable season,andremained for but a month or two, so that he could scarcely have hadtimeto visit the interior of the island, we cannot but think that whenhecompared the reality with Whitbourne's glowing descriptions and hisonwfancy pictures built upon them, his disappointment must have beensharp."(Wm.Hand Browne)
All behind his little plantation lay a region of wild savagery, orbleakand hopeless desolation, and in front was the wild, stormyandinhospitable sea. The brief northern summer bid from him the worstenemyof all, the long pitiless northe rn winter.
Departing after a short visit, he spent the winter in Englandpreparingfor his return, which he made in the following summer, bringingwith himLady Joane Baltimore, all his family except his eldest son,Cecilius, andabout forty colonists, so that the whole colony was raisedto about onehundred souls. Unexpected troubles beset him. He wrote toLordBuckingham "I came to build, and sett, and sowe, but am falne tofightingwith Frenchmen, who have heere disquieted me and many o ther ofhisMajesties subjects fighting in this land." He continues: "One De laRadeof Dieppe, with three ships and four hundred men, many of themgentlemenhere have told us, came first into a harbour of mine calledCapebroile,not above a l eague from the place where I am planted, andtheresurprising divers of the fishermen in thier shallops at theharbour'smouth, within a short time after possessed themselves of twoEnglishships within the ahrbour, with all their fishes and p rovisions,and haddone the liek to the rest in that place had I not sent themassistancewith two ships of mine, one of them 360 tons and twenty-fourpieces ofordnance, and another, a bark of sixty tons with three or foursmall gunsin her, a nd about a hundred men aboard us in all," etc. Bythe ship thatcarried this letter, young Leonard Calvert and Peaseleyreturned toEngland, where Leonard petitioned the king that his fathermight have ashare in certain prizes taken from the French by the shipsBenedictionand Victory. 1628. The dangers and discomforts of life atAvalon seem to havebeen too much for Lady Baltimore, and in 1628 shesailed for Virginia adnremained for some time at Jamestown, as is knownfrom a letter ofBaltimore's in which he asks letters from Privy Councilto the Governorof Virginia instructing him to facilitate Lady Baltimore'sreturn toEngland. 1629. Lord Baltimore arrived in Jamestone October1629. He wasreceived col dly by the Virginians. He was tendered theoath ofAllegiance which he could not take on account of his religiousfaith,though he offered to take a modified form of it. To this theVirginianswould not agree, and he departed for England whe re he soughtKing CharlesI, who had succeeded his father, James I, in 1625, for a newgrant ofland. King Charles continued his father's friendship for LordBaltimoreand granted him the territory which later became Maryland.1629. Ther e is but one account of the death of Lady Baltimorebyshipwreck. It is found in a fragment of unknown origin among thepapersin Sir Hans Sloane's Collection in the British Museum in London,and isnumbered 3662, pp. 24-6, and dated 1670. T he following excerpt isdated1629 in the margin, and since the next marginal date is 1631, itisinferred that the events recorded took place in the years 1629 and1630.Lord Baltimore went "to Virginia in the year 1629, where he found amuch better climate (than New Foundland), and leaving his lady and someof hischildren by her there, comes himself to England to secure a Patentofsome part of that Continent, and smoe while after sends for his Lady,whotogether with her childre n that were left whit her, wereunfortunatelycast away in their return; in which ship his lordsip lost agreat dealof plate and other goods of a great value." (Lady Baltimoresailed on theSt. Claude which was wrecked off the English coast beforeOctober, 1630.) 1632. Apr. 15, Lord Baltimore was buried in theChancel of St.Dunstan's before the Charter to Maryland had passed theGreat Seal, sothe charter was issued in the name of his son and heir,Cecil, thesecond Lord B altimore, under the Great Seal dated 20th June,1632, just afew weeks after his father's death. (for the will of LordBaltimore seePart I) George Calvert was a good linguist, a readywriter, and possessingexecutive talent, says Rev. Edw ard Neill, A.B., inhis The Founders ofMaryland. "His accomplishments won for him the noticeand friendship ofSir Robert Cecil, Queen Elizabeth's Principal Secretaryof State, who hadno small part in securing to King James the succession to the throne ofEngland. Through his recommendations George Calvert wasappointed Clerkof the Privy Council of King James, 1613." (Richardson'sSidelights onMaryland History.) William Hand Browne, in his Georgeand Cecilius Calvert says: "Theking, whose old affection for him hadreturned, retained him in the PrivyCouncil notwithstanding his change ofreligion; and on February 16,11625, elevated him to the Irish Peerage asBaron Baltimore ofBaltimore." (See Letters Patent, Part I.) Within afew weeks from theissue of this Patent, King James died, but hissuccessor, Charles I, didnot withdraw his favor from the late Secretary. George Calvert wrote a remarkably illegible hand. It hasbeenmentioned that K ing Charles told him that he "writ as fair a hand tolookupon from afar off, as any man in England; but that when any onecamenear it, they were not able to read a word." George Calvert wasnot, like Buckingham, a man of brilliant talen tand boundless confidencein his own abilities, nor was he one of thosewho found the mostattractive fishing in troubled waters. His talentswere solid; he wascautious, laborious, exact, of unimpeachableintegrity, and a true loverof his c ountry.
More AboutGeorge Calvert: Burial: 15 April 1632, St. Dunstan's Ch., London, Eng.16Colonial Families of the United States of America: Volume 2 ISSUE BY 1STm. page 164 GE ORGE CALVERT, 1st Lord of Baltimore, b. circa 1580; d.15th Apr. 1632;became private secretary to Sir Robert CECIL; wasappointed by the King,Clerk of the Crown and Assize in Co. Clare,Ireland; in 1613, appointedClerk to the Privy Council; knighted in 1617.In 1619 was made PrincipalSecretary of State. Was member of Parliamentfrom Yorkshire in 1621. 18thFeb. 1621, the King granted him a manor of2300 acress in Co. Langford,Ireland, which was erected into the Manor ofBaltim ore, from which hederived his baronial title. Elevated to theIrish Peerage as BaronBaltimore, 16th Feb. 1625; m. (firstly) circa 1605,Anne MYNNE, [p.164]d. 8th Aug. 1622, dau. of John MYNNE, Esq., ofHertingfordbury, andElizabeth WROTH, h is wife, dau. of Sir Thomas WROTHof Durance inEnfield, Middlesex, Knight; m. (secondly) Joan Sir George "APaper read before theMaryland Historical Society, April 14, 1884, byLewis W. Wilhelm, A.B.,Fellow in History, Johns Hopkins University. Justto highlight a few things in the book: Page 26: "It was in the summer of1606, that Calvert received from KingJames the reversion of an importantclerkship in Ireland and so becameofficially identified with the countryfrom which two decades later hereceived his title of "baron."" Page 76:"The year 1622 was made memorabl e to Calvert by its vicissitudesof joyand sorrow, of worldly prosperity and of domestic unhappiness. Inthemidst of his pleasurable anticipations upon the Spanish Match, hisspiritswere cast into gloom by the sudden death of his amiable wi fe, onAugust8, after an illness of but two days, at the age of 52 years,leavingbehind her eleven young children....The oldest child, Cecilius,who becamethe heir of his father's fortune and title, was but sixteenyears old;Leonard and Geo rge a decade after this time emigrated to thecolony ofMaryland; of Francis and Henry very little is known; John, bornon the eveof his mother's death, is said to have died in youth. Of thefivedaughters little is known, save their names; A nne, the eldest,marriedMr. William Peasley, and Grace became the wife of Sir RobertTalbot ofCounty Kildare, Ireland; Dorothy, Elizabeth and Helen completedthefamily." Page 89: ".....being infinitely addicted to the Roman Catholicfaith,h aving been converted thereunto by Count Gondomar & Count Arundel,whosedaughter Secretary Calvert's son had married. If Calvert's oldestson,Cecilius, did marry Lady Arundel at the time of the Spanishnegotiationsthen some excellent authori ties have made some amazingerrors. Accordingto Kennedy, Cecilius Calvert, in 1623, was but 17 yearsold, andaccording to Neill, in "Terra Mariae," Anne Arundel, in thisyear, wasbut eight years old. Such youthful marriages are certainly no tusual inEngland." Page 151: "....on Sunday, April 15, 1632, in the midstof his largefamily, he [Sir George] passed away in death." In thepreface, he gives Dr. William Hand Browne, credit for reviewing ofhismanuscript, along with others . The chapter contains about 160 pagesandas mentioned, is about as much as I have read. Mrs. O'Gorman quotes abitfrom Dr. Browne, in her book. I got this book on Inter-Library loan fromthe John M. Olin Library atWashington University, 66 00 Millbrook Blvd.,St. Louis, MO 63130. Louise Shaw [lshaw2@@pcisys.net]
From "A Chesapeake family their slaves, A study inhistoricalarchaeology" Anne Elizabeth Yentsch, Cambridge UniversityPress. P. 53"....to the early 1600's when George Calvert began to move inStuartcircles after serving James I in Ireland . James I reward serviceswithhonor, knighted George Calvert in 1617, and awarded him anIrishbaronetcy in February 1624/25. The status, prestige, andpoliticalpowers of the Calvert family were on the rise. Still, thefamily was notamong the greatest English nobility and did not possess thewealth of thearistocratic families that maintained major estates likeBoxworth orChatsworth. The aristocracy at that time evaluated itsmembers accordingto a variety of cultural criter ia including length ofpedigree andlocation. The Calvert baronetcy was recent and Irish, notEnglish; thefamily seat of Kiplin was in Yorkshire, distant fromCourt.....Drawn bythe Calvert's future prospects and the family'sCatholic faith, ThomasARUNDEL (Lord ArundeL at Wardour) asked the secondLord Baltimore, theyoung Cecilius, to we daughter Anne. The couple weremarried in 1527/28and may have lived briefly at Arundel's own home,Wardour Castle inWiltshire, before settli ng at Hook Manor on the Wardourestate. ThereAnne gave birth to three daughters, and infant George(1634-6) andfinally Charles, the third Lord Baltimore. Charles had twosons,Cecilius (who died at 13) and Benedict Leonard (Sr.) born in Maryland. Bythat time the Calvert family was politically allied through anetwork ofmarriage and financial alliances with some of the most talentedfamiliesin England. George Calvert forged the initial connections whenhe becamea junior secr etary to Sir Robert Cecil (1563-1612) , who roseto be theEarl of Salisbury and was principal Secretary of State of JamesI. Amongthe circle of families linked to the Calverts were the ARUNDELS,theSOMERSETS, the powerful Irish TALBOTS ( Lords Tyrconnel),thediplomatically astute and fiscally prudent HYDES (Earls of RochesterandClarendon), and the literary, mathematical and political DIGGES.Thethird Lord Baltimore built upon this network during hisMarylandresidence (166 1-84), using the mechanisms of judicious landgrants,marriages, and political appointments to create his own smallcadre ofprominent Catholic families in Maryland, including the SEWALLS,TALBOTS,DIGGES, DARNALLS, LEES, LOWES. Maryland's Ca tholic gentryreciprocatedby providing strong and effective political support andservice, andgradually the lines extended to include other wealthyfamilies includingthe Easter Shore dynasty of Quaker LLOYDS." "In thisbook James W. Foster gives some of the family background. Hestates thatGeorge was born and a died a Roman Catholic. He then goes onto explainwhat it meant to be a Roman Catholic in the late 16th andearly 17thcentury, in England. The writer states that the Ca lverts were NOT fromthemigration of Flemish weavers attracted to Yorkshire, because of itsfamefor wool growing. Based on the evidence of wills and inventories,theCalverts of Yorkshire in the 16th century were tenantfarmers,husbandmen, a nd yeomen of standing, and in the case of Leonardof Kiplin,gentlemen when that term signified superior social position.The writergives George's birth date as abt. 1580 at Kiplin. Further thathis fatherwas Leonard son of John, who was a t enant of Philip LordWharton. Hismother (the writers opinion after much study of evidence,was Alice, daughter of John Crosland of Crosland near Almondbury in theWest Riding.Her family's arms were quartered with Calvert arms by thesecond LordBaltimore, indicating that she was an heiress in her ownright, having nobrothers. She died early and Leonard remarried. This issupported by the record ofthe Yorkshire High Commission showing thatLeonard Calvert and wife"GRACE" in 15 92 were summoned by the Commissionto answer charges ofreligious nonconformity.
Grace Crosland is the daughter of Thomas, of Crosland HillnearAlmondbury. She was baptized at Almondbury on Feb. 8, 1573, and couldnothave been a mother in 1580. She is also mentioned in her father'swillwho died in 1587. Any relationshi p has never been established,becausethere were so many Crosland's and Catholic records were not keptuntil1600. Couples were married privately and their childrenbaptizedsurreptitiously by priests who traveled by night and hid by day.In t heyears 1580 to 1594 Leonard and Grace were frequently pressed toconformto Anglican practice. Leonard submitted a certificate that he hadconformed and 2 yrs. later gave bond that he andhis wife (name notstated) would communicate within a given time. Thishappened several timesand then the records are silent. He was either imprisoned or paid a fineto be released. The next entry is dated Oct. 9, 1592 and states that hewill have noCatholic servants or Catholic teacher for h is children andwould buy aBook of Common Prayer, a Bible in English and a catechism, tolie open inhis house "for everyone to read." His children were to be putto schoolin York and not to leave without license from the Archbishop ofYork. Twoof these children were George and Christopher, 10 and 12 yearsold. Oneof the relatives who appears in historical records is RalphEWENS. Hedied without children in 1611. In his will he list his uncle,LeonardCALVERT and his wife, unnam ed,his grandmother, "Mistress MargerieCALVERT," his uncle and auntANTHWAITE, and his cousins George,Christopher and Samuel CALVERT.Another family allied with the CALVERTSwere the SMITHSONS. George'ssister Dorothy married Christopher SMIT HSONof Moulton, North Riding.Their daughter Grace married into the CONYERSfamily. Sons of Christopherand Grace SMITHSON were named Leonard, Calvertand George. Guess I've written enough. Cousins,buy the book. It is worththe money. James W. Foster spent many years inEngland and the MarylandArchives researching the Calvert family. Theinformation is welldocumented. BUY THE BOOK. Your Calvert Cousin, VickiK.familytreemaker.com -- Geo rgeCalvert cybercat@@ntr.net "WILL OF RALPH EWENS T. RADULPI EWENS. In thename of the ternall God my Creator of JesesChrist my redeemer and Savioand of that eternall sactifyinge Spirittproceedinge from both I rapheEwens of Greyes Inne i n the Countie ofMidd' Esquie' beinge in bodieweake but in sence aud memorie in allapparaunce perfect doe make this mylast will and testament in writingeto remaine inviolable for ever............. Item whereas Samuell Calvert gent my cose n german siandesindebted untome in the some of Threescore poundes wth condicon for thepayment offortie poundes or thereaboutes my will is that my Executrixshall withintenne dayes after demaund thereof made deliver the saidebonde and mak e agood and lawful estate thereof by p're of Attorney untomy cosen Mr.George Calvert to be by him disposed to theis uses (that isto saic)First uppon receipt of the saide some to repaie to the saidSamuellCalvert as my legacie Twentie poun ds of the said debte And theresiduethereof to be bestowed uppon my twoe sisters and their childrenaccordingto the discretion of the said Geo

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