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Henry II King of England + Eleanor of AquitaineAymer Count of Angouleme + Alice de CourtenayAlfonso II Count of Provence + Gersinde II de Sabran Countess of ForcalquierThomas I Count of Savoy + Beatrice (Margaret) Geneva
Parents
John "Lackland" King of England24 DEC 1167 -- 19 OCT 1216avatar
Isabella of Angoulemeabt 1188 -- 31 MAY 1246avatar
Raymond V Berenger1195/1198 -- 12 AUG 1245avatar
Beatrix of Savoy1201 -- 12/1266avatar
Spouses
Names

Events

Henry III King of England

Birth1 OCT 1207
 
Occup1216-1272
Flag of
History1264-1267Second Barons War
European Battles
History14 MAY 1264
 
Battle of Lewes
European Battles
Death16 NOV 1272
 
Grave
 
Aged: 65.1 years
Henry III (of England) (1207-72), king of England (1216-72), Duke of Aquitaine, son and successor of King John (Lackland), and a member of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet. Henry ascended the throne at the age of nine, on the death of his father. During his minority the kingdom was ruled by William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, as regent, but after his death in 1219 the justiciar Hubert de Burgh was the chief power in the government. During the regency the French, who occupied much of eastern England, were expelled, and rebellious barons were subdued. Henry was declared of age in 1227. In 1232 he dismissed Hubert de Burgh from his court and commenced ruling without the aid of ministers. Henry displeased the barons by filling government and church offices with foreign favorites, many of them relatives of his wife, Eleanor of Provence, whom he married in 1236, and by squandering money on Continental wars, especially in France. In order to secure the throne of Sicily for one of his sons, Henry agreed to pay the pope a large sum. When the king requested money from the barons to pay his debt, they refused and in 1258 forced him to agree to the Provisions of Oxford, whereby he agreed to share his power with a council of barons. Henry soon repudiated his oath, however, with papal approval. After a brief period of war, the matter was referred to the arbitration of Louis IX, king of France, who decided in Henry's favor in a judgment called the Mise of Amiens (1264). Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, accordingly led the barons into war, defeated Henry at Lewes, and took him prisoner. In 1265, however, Henry's son and heir, Edward, later King Edward I, led the royal troops to victory over the barons at Evesham, about 40.2 km (about 25 mi) south of Birmingham. Simon de Montfort was killed in the battle, and the barons agreed to a compromise with Edward and his party in 1267. From that time on Edward ruled England, and when Henry died, he succeeded him as king.

Eleanor of Provence

Birthabt 1217
Death24 JUN 1291
 
Grave
 
Aged: 74.5 years
ChildrenFirst NameBirth DtDeath DtBirth PlaceSpouses
1+

Edward I "Longshanks" King of 

17 JUN 12397 JUL 1307  England, Middlesex, London, Westminster Palace Marguerite of France le Hardi, Eleanor of Castile 
2+

Margaret 

124026 FEB 1275  England, Berkshire, Windsor Castle Alexander III King of Scotland 
3+

Beatrice 

25 JUN 124224 MAR 1274  France, Aquitaine, Bordeaux Jean II de Brittany 
4+

Edmund Crouchback 

16 JAN 12441296  England, Middlesex, London Blanche of Artois, Avelina De Fortibus 
5

Richard 

1247   
6

John 

1250   
7

Katharine 

12535 MAR 1257  England, Middlesex, London  
8

William 

1256   
9

Henry 

1258   
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Sources
  1. Wikipedia
  2. Other: Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.;
  3. Other: Camplin, Kathleen Marie. AOL user "Lorcalon";
  4. Website: The Genealogy Forum;
  5. Website: Find A Grave Website;
  1. Wikipedia
  2. Findagrave Eleanor of Provence
  3. Other: Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.;
  4. Website: The Genealogy Forum;
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Yvonne Burr   •  07-Jun-08 4:01 AM
His reign was marked by civil wars with shifting alliances, allied with Montfort against his son Edward he was almost slain at Evesham til he cried ``Slay me not! I am Henry of Winchester, your King.'

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