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Grand
Parents
Fulk V "the Young" Count of Anjou + Ermentrude of Maine
Henry I "Beauclerc" King of England + Matilda (Edith) of Scotland
Guillaume VII Duke of Aquitaine + Phillipa of Toulouse
Aumary I Viscount of Chatellerault + Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard
Parents
Geoffrey V Count of Anjou24 AUG 1113 -- 7 SEP 1151avatar
Maud Adelaide Matilda of Englandabt 7 FEB 1102 -- 10 SEP 1167avatar
Guillaume X Duke of Aquitaine1099 -- 9 APR 1137avatar
Eleanor of Chatellerault1103 -- aft 3/1131avatar
Names

Events
Henry_II_of_England.jpg

Henry II King of England

Birth5 MAR 1133
 
Occup1154-1189Monarch of England
Flag of
Death6 JUL 1189
 
Grave
 
Aged: 56.3 years
He was also duke of Normandy, and first monarch of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet, an important administrative reformer, who was one of the most powerful European rulers of his time. Henry became duke of Normandy in 1151. The following year, on the death of his father, he inherited the Angevin territories in France. By his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry added vast territories in southwestern France to his possessions. Henry claimed the English kingship through his mother. She had been designated the heiress of Henry I but had been deprived of the succession by her cousin, Stephen of Blois, who made himself king. In 1153 Henry defeated Stephen's armies in England and compelled the king to choose him as his successor; on Stephen's death, the following year, Henry became king. During the first few years of his reign Henry quelled the disorders that had developed during Stephen's reign, regained the northern counties of England, which had previously been ceded to Scotland, and conquered North Wales. In 1171-72 he began the Norman conquest of Ireland and in 1174 forced William the Lion, king of the Scots, to recognize him as overlord. In 1164 Henry became involved in a quarrel with Thomas a Becket, whom he had appointed archbishop of Canterbury. By the Constitutions of Clarendon, the king decreed that priests accused of crimes should be tried in royal courts; Becket claimed that such cases should be handled by ecclesiastical courts, and the controversy that followed ended in 1170 with Becket's murder by four of Henry's knights. Widespread indignation over the murder forced the king to rescind his decree and recognize Becket as a martyr. Although he failed to subject the church to his courts, Henry's judicial reforms were of lasting significance. In England he established a centralized system of justice accessible to all freemen and administered by judges who traveled around the country at regular intervals. He also began the process of replacing the old trial by ordeal with modern court procedures. From the beginning of his reign, Henry was involved in conflict with Louis VII, king of France, and later with Louis's successor, Philip II, over the French provinces that Henry claimed. A succession of rebellions against Henry, headed by his sons and furthered by Philip II and by Eleanor of Aquitaine, began in 1173 and continued until his death. Henry was succeeded by his son Richard I, called Richard the Lion-Hearted.

Eleanor of Aquitaine

Birth1122
 
Death1 APR 1204
 
Grave
 
Aged: 82.3 years
She inherited the duchy of Aquitaine from her father in 1137, the same year in which she was married to Louis VII of France. She accompanied her husband on the Second Crusade to the Holy Land, where it was rumored that she committed adultery. The scandal, and the fact that she had not given the king a male heir, resulted in an annulment of their marriage in 1152 under the pretext of blood kinship between her and the king. Later that year, Eleanor married and gave her possessions to Henry Plantagenet, count of Anjou, who in 1154 became Henry II, king of England. In 1170, the queen induced her husband to invest their son Richard the Lion-Hearted with her personal dominions of Gascony, Aquitaine, and Poitou. When Richard and his brothers rebelled against their father in 1173, Eleanor, already alienated from the king because of his unfaithfulness, supported her sons. Consequently, she was placed in confinement until 1185. After her release, she secured the succession of her son Richard, who had become heir apparent at the death in 1183 of his eldest brother. From the death of King Henry II in 1189 until Richard's return from the Third Crusade in 1194, Eleanor ruled as regent. During this time, she foiled the attempt of her son John in 1193 to conspire with France against the new king. After the return of Richard, she arranged a reconciliation between the two brothers. Eleanor continued to be prominent in public affairs until she retired to the abbey in Fontevrault, France, where she died on April 1, 1204.
ChildrenFirst NameBirth DtDeath DtBirth PlaceSpouses
1

William 

1152  France, Normandy, Seine-Inferieure, Rouen  
2

Henry The Young King of 

28 FEB 115511 JUN 1183  England, Middlesex, Bermondsey Margaret Capet of France 
3

Marie 

1156  England, Berkshire, Windsor Castle Henry Of Saxony 
4+

Matilda (Maud) of 

abt 115628 JUN 1189  England, Middlesex, London Henry V "The Lion" of Saxony 
5

Richard I of 

6 SEP 1157APR 1199  England, Oxfordshire, Beaumont Palace Berengaria of Navarre 
6

Geoffrey Duke of Brittany 

23 SEP 115819 AUG 1186  France Constance of Brittany 
7

Phillip 

abt 1160  France  
8+

Eleanor of 

13 OCT 116125 OCT 1214  France, Normandy, Falaise Alfonso VIII King of Castile 
9

Joan 

116524 SEP 1199  France, Angers Castle William II King of Sicily 
10+

John "Lackland" King of 

24 DEC 116719 OCT 1216  England, Oxfordshire, Beaumont Palace (mistress) ___, Isabel De Clare, Agatha de Ferrers, Clemence le Boteler, Suzanne de Warenne, Isabella of Angloume 
Pics & Attach-
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  • Henry II King of England
  • The Plantagenets
  • Tomb
  • Eleanor of-Aquitaine
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Political Appointments (1)

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Sources
  1. Wikipedia
  2. Findagrave Henry Plantagenet, II
  3. Other: Freeman, Marsha Colleen (Scully). "Buell Genealogy" pub. 1 Dec, 1978.;
  4. Other: Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.;
  5. Website:The Genealogy Forum;
  6. Website:Jim Weber;
  1. Wikipedia
  2. Findagrave Eleanor de Aquitaine
  3. Other: Microsoft Encarta 1994 ed.;
  4. Website:The Genealogy Forum;
  5. Website:Jim Weber;
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Added
12-19-2009 01:58 PM
12-19-2009 01:58 PM
Updated
3-18-2017 02:27 PM
3-18-2017 02:27 PM
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