Logo Our Family Tree Branch: Ray's Extended Family Tree Ray's Extended Family Tree
Frederick I von Hohenstauffen + Agnes of FranconiaHeinrich Duke of Bavaria + Ulfhide Princess of SaxonyEtienne I "tete hardi" de Burgundy + Beatrice de LorraineSimon I Duke of Lorraine + Adelheid of Lorraine
Raimond III of Burgundyabt 1090 -- 19 JAN 1148avatar
Agatha Princess of Lorraine1119 -- 1147avatar

Expand >

Friedrich I. Barbarosa, Holy Roman Emperor

Third Crusade
European Battles
Death10 JUN 1190
Aged: 68.4 years
Friedrich I, 'Barbarossa' Emperor Of The Holy Roman Empire called Barbarossa or Red Beard, succeeded his uncle Conrad III as king of Germany in 1152. He became Holy Roman Emperor in 1155. The German people admired and respected him as a great national hero. In 1180, he defeated his great rival for power in Germany, Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria. With the help of loyal princes and an able administration, he enforced his authority in Germany and the Slavic borderlands to the east. He was less successful in a bitter struggle against Pope Alexander III and the Lombard League of North Italian cities. The League defeated Frederick at the Battle of Legnano in 1176. It was in this battle that foot soldiers recorded their first great victory over feudal cavalry. The Lombard cities forced Frederick to grant them self-government in the Peace of Constance in 1183. The Emperor started on the Third Crusade to the Holy Land in 1189, but drowned the next year while crossing a river. A German legend, however, says that Barbarossa never really died but is sleeping beside a huge table in the Kyffhauser Mountains. When his beard grows completely around the table, the legend says, he will arise and conquer Germany's enemies. Frederick I (Holy Roman Empire), called Frederick Barbarossa (1123?-90), Holy Roman emperor and king of Germany (1152-90), king of Italy (1155-90), and as Frederick III, duke of Swabia (1147-52, 1167-68). He was born in Waiblingen, the son of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia (1090-1147), and the nephew of Conrad III, king of Germany. Conrad III, favoring Frederick over his own son, on his deathbed recommended to the German princes that Frederick be chosen for the German kingship and the imperial throne. Accordingly, after the death of his uncle in 1152, Frederick Barbarossa was made German king and elected Holy Roman emperor. He conceived of his imperial title as a grant from God, through the German princes, and wished to restore the glory of the Roman Empire. He consequently decided to consolidate the imperial position in Germany and Italy and began by issuing a general order for peace among the princes of Germany, at the same time granting them extensive concessions. In 1154 he proceeded to Italy, where he received the Lombard crown at Pavia. The following year he was crowned Holy Roman emperor by Pope Adrian IV, whose authority Frederick had reinstated before his coronation. In 1156 Pope Adrian aroused Frederick against the papacy by implying in a letter to him that the emperor held lands only as a fief from the pope. Two years later Frederick incurred the hostility of the Lombards by demanding recognition of all his royal rights, including his power to appoint the imperial podesta, or governor, in every town. Such cities as Milan, Piacenza, Brescia, and Crema considered that demand a denial of their communal liberties and in 1158 began a struggle that lasted until 1183 and required Frederick to lead five expeditions to Italy. Between 1158 and 1162 Frederick warred with Milan and its allies, subduing that city and confirming claims to other Italian cities. Meanwhile Frederick had set up a series of antipopes in opposition to the reigning pope, Alexander III, who espoused the cause of the Milanese and their allies and who, in 1165, excommunicated Frederick. By attacking the Leonine City in Rome in 1167-68, Frederick was able to install one of the antipopes, Paschal III (died 1168), on the papal throne. The Lombard League, consisting of the cities of Milan, Parma, Padua, Verona, Piacenza, Bologna, Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, and Brescia, was formed in 1167 and eventually acknowledged Pope Alexander as leader. During the next seven years the league acquired military strength, rebuilt Milan, constructed the fortress city of Alessandria, and organized a federal system of administration. The fifth expedition (1174-76) of Frederick to Italy terminated in defeat by the Lombard League at Legnano. The defeat was significant in military history, because it was the first major triumph of infantry over a mounted army of feudal knights. Frederick was forced in 1177 to acknowledge Alexander III as pope and in 1183 to sign the Peace of Constance, acceding to the demands of the Lombards for autonomy but retaining imperial suzerainty over the towns. Although imperial control in Italy was virtually ended by his defeat at Legnano, Frederick managed to enhance his prestige in central Europe. He made Poland tributary to the empire, raised Bohemia to the rank of a kingdom, and erected the margravate of Austria into an independent hereditary duchy. His own power as emperor in Germany was firmly established in 1180, when he ended his long struggle with the Welfs by putting down a revolt led by the Welf Henry the Lion and depriving him of most of his lands. Frederick initiated the Third Crusade in 1189, and in the next year, having resigned the government of the empire to his son Henry, later Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, set out for Asia Minor. After gaining two great victories over the Muslims at Philomelion (now Ak3ehir) and Iconium (now Konya), he was drowned in the Calycadnus (now Goksu) River in Cilicia (now in Turkey) on June 10, 1190. Source: 'The World Book Encyclopedia', 1968, p F422. 'Frederick I (Holy Roman Empire),' Microsoft (R) Encarta. Copyright (c) 1993 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1993 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation

Beatrix of Burgundy

Death15 NOV 1184
Aged: 41.9 years
ChildrenFirst NameBirth DtDeath DtBirth PlaceSpouses

Sophie of 

11611187  William VI of Montferrat 

Frederick V, Duke of 

16 JUL 11641170  Germany  

Henry VI 

116528 SEP 1197  Germany, Baden, Swabia Constance of Sicily 

Frederick Vi, Duke of 

11671191  Germany  

Otto I Count of 

abt 11671/1199  France, Burgundy, Saone-et-Loire, Macon Marguerite Comtesse de Blois 

Conrad Ii, Duke of 

1172  Germany  

Philip II Emperor of 

117721 JUN 1208  Germany, Baden, Swabia Irini Maria Angelina of Byzantium 
SuggestTo suggest changes to these records, login & edit by choosing options to edit, & your suggested changes will be saved for the record moderator to review.
  1. Wikipedia
  2. Website: Gary Lewis;
  3. Website: Jim Weber;
  1. Website: Gary Lewis;
  2. Website: Jim Weber;
Frank M   •  21-Feb-04 12:00 AM
As stated correctly in the text, Friedrich Barbarossa died in Cilicia, Anatolia and not in Palestine as the title suggests.

Added12-19-2009 12:52 PM
Updated9-23-2016 08:26 PM6-30-2002 04:22 PM
More Show Moderators/Owners
Login or Email:

Don't have a login? Register!
Why register?I forgot my login....