|Birth||29 DEC 1553|
Scholorship, then Fellow, then BA on 11 June 1577
|Occup||1599||England, Northamptonshire Sheriff|
|Occup||1618||England, Northamptonshire Sheriff|
|Occup||16 NOV 1619|
|Occup||1624||England Member of Parliament|
for Banbury in the Happy Parliament
|Death||22 MAY 1632|
Erasmus Dryden was the son of John Dryden who built Canons Ashby House, Northamptonshire. Erasmus' mother, Elizabeth Cope, was the daughter of Sir John Cope, from whose heirs the Drydens purchased the priory and village remnants of the Canons Ashby estate. Sir Erasmus Dryden was the grandfather of the poet John Dryden (through his third son, Erasmus) and he was also the uncle of Elizabeth (Dryden) Swift, who was the grandmother of Jonathan Swift. Dryden's sister-in-law, Katherine (Throckmorton) Dryden, was a first cousin of Lady Elizabeth (Throckmorton) Raleigh.
He entered Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1571 aged 18. and was demy from 1571 to 1575 and fellow from 1575 to 1580, being awarded BA on 11 June 1577. In 1577, he was student of the Middle Temple. He was High Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1599 and in 1618. He was created a baronet on 16 November 1619. In 1624, Dryden was elected Member of Parliament for Banbury in the Happy Parliament.
Sir Erasmus Dryden married Frances Wilkes, daughter of William Wilkes of Hodnell, Warwickshire. They had 3 sons and 4 daughters. His eldest son John succeeded to the Baronetcy. He was an uncle of female Puritan preacher Anne Hutchinson.