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Henry Gregory4/1826 -- 1900/1910avatar
Rachael Nolastname6/1830 -- 1900/1910avatar
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Marriageabt 1878
 
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Andrew Jackson Gregory

Birth07 SEP 1850
 
Death10 NOV 1936
 
Graveaft 10 NOV 1936
Aged: 86.2 years

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Gregorys and Fews in Migration Patterns from the 1700s
By Orville Boyd Jenkins
Posted on Ancestry.com 16 October 2017

One factor in reconstructing a family lineage are patterns of movement and migration. These migration paths are helpful in finding and evaluating records in our Gregory and related Few line. We see Gregory records in a generational pattern along the migration streams along the tidewater area or valleys southwards and westward.

Westward
Records are being discovered in the westward line from Philadelphia through Frederick and Hagerstown, Maryland, through what is now West Virginia, still part of Virginia in the era we are looking at, and on to Ohio and Indiana. Brothers John, Richard and Benjamin Gregory, thought to be sons of Isaac Gregory of Pennsylvania, are mentioned several times in lists of residents of old Frederick County, Virginia, a large area at the northern end of the Shenandoah Valley, also on a common east-west migration route.

Records for a younger Richard Gregory are found in Culpeper County and Fauquier County, Virginia, on this westward path south of the Pennsylvania border. These two counties were established in 1749, cut out of Orange County, the original huge area from which Frederick County was originally established in 1743. These counties bordered Frederick County on the east.

Dates and locations of various records match a line of movement from the residence of Richard's likely grandfather Benjamin Gregory of Pennsylvania, into Frederick County, and later back to eastern Virginia in Prince William County, across the Potomac from Washington, DC. This westward line of migration connects with the great Shenandoah Valley running southwestward along the eastern edge of the Appalachian Mountains in what is now West Virginia.

Records for a Lewis Gregory, who appears to be a son of Benjamin, son of Isaac, are found along this Shenadoah Valley route then across into the part of Virginia that later became Kentucky, one of the areas where Fews and Gregorys come into contact. This matches the pattern of residence and Gregory-Few marriages in some of these areas along this southward line of migration. Details are found in individual notes for the Fews and Gregorys. Gregorys from this lineage moved westward a bit to the part of Virginia that is now northern Kentucky.

Southward
Gregorys are found along the Shenandoah Valley which runs southwestward from Hagerstown to Bristol, Virginia/Tennessee, on the border, on through Jefferson and Cocke County, which were all one area of North Carolina, or then East Tennessee (current I-81 to I-40 to Knoxville) in the 1700s and early 1800s and on toward Cherokee and contiguous counties in Alabama.

We find Gregorys that appear to be from two different lineages who followed the Shenandoah or similar route from Philadelphia-Baltimore through Virginia into Tennessee, our line through the easterly route of the named east Tennessee counties, the other a bit more westerly, with members of both lines in Kentucky.

I have traveled through all these areas and explored these lines of migration so have these in mind as I read through records and watch for connections and clues.

Also thought to belong to this line of Gregorys is one Few Hall Gregory. Few was born in Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1781 and established himself as a physician and farmer in Monroe County, Tennessee. It is thought by some Gregory family sources that his mother was a Few, perhaps named Susannah, but records are lacking.

Westward Ho
Gregorys in the line of James Henry Gregory and Rachel Lewis are found in those counties of Tennessee from Jefferson-Cocke on to Knox, McMinn (where we find both these Gregorys, with apparently no crossover), Franklin, etc, in the westward migration route. Gregorys of our lineage also seem to have moved northwestward through the mountain passes toward Louisville.

The Fews in NC apparently followed the westerly route over the Smokies into Tennessee into Jefferson and surrounding counties where they connected again with the Gregory lineage. We find them in the family of Francis Marion Few from North Carolina in Jefferson County, Tennessee, where his daughter Letha married Andrew Jackson Gregory, brother of my great great grandfather Dock Patrick Gregory.

Crossflow
Traffic went both ways along those midwestern routes over a period of two centuries. Great migrations northward occurred int eh 1920s and later because of extensive floods along the Mississippi, destroying much of the Delta South. Midwestern droughts accelerated movement to California. Further industrialization in the next two decades and after WWII accelerated this migration northward and westward.

The geographical indicators are not only contiguous counties, but similarly in the counties along these common natural migration routes, which also reveal patterns of the same family decade to decade and generation to generation. These patterns match the same kinds of patterns we find in ethnic investigations all over the world.
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The nickname Jack is reported from Gregory family tradition by Alfred Leroy Gregory in a RootsWeb.com forum message 30 Apr 2000. The information originally was collected from family members by Loretta Gregory Gay (my aunt).

Note that in the 1860 Cherokee County, Alabama, census, Andrew Jackson's middle initial is given as G. Would this indicate that the family themselves had given this as the middle initial, or had indicated that the middle name was spelled with a G? The enumerator has a very skilled and educated hand, so it does not seem he would have mis-spelled Jackson with a G if he knew this was the middle name, unless otherwise instructed.

The 1860 census reports Andrew G as age 10, which would lead to an estimated birth year of 1850. Also the birth state of Andrew is reported as Tennessee, like his parents. Howver, we know his parents were living in Cherokee County, Alabama, when he was born.

1860 Federal Census, Cherokee County, Alabama, 11 June, District 3, PO Ringgold, page 7, Hse/Fam #37
Gregory Henry 35 M Farmer born Tenn
Gregory Reachael 30 M Domestic born Tenn
Gregory Andrew G 10 M born Tenn [b abt 1850]

1870 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 16 August, District 5, PO Trion, page 10, Hse/Fam #71
Henry Gregory 50 M W Wagon Maker $767 Personal Estate b Tennessee Cannot read or write
Rachel Gregory 43 F W Keeps House b Tennessee [b abt 1827] [No literacy report]
Jackson Gregory 19 M W b Alabama [b abt 1851] Cannot read or write

Reported in 1880 Jefferson County Census as Jackson Gregory (Ancestry.com transcribes it as Gregary). They transcribe the name of Jackson and his father Henry as Gregary, while the name of brother (Dock) Patrick and his household was transcribed as Gregory.

The 1880 census reports Jack as age 27. This would place his birth approximately 1852. However, exact date of birth of younger brother Dock Patrick in September of 1852 leads to an estimate of 1851 as latest possible birth year for Jack. His wife is named Letha. In 1900 her name is reported as Lethy (Letha), and in 1910 Leathy.

1880 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 16 June, Civil District 5, Enumeration District 177, p 34B, Hse #281, Fam #285
Gregory, Jackson W M 27 Head Farmer TN TN TN
Gregory, Letha W F 25 Wife Keeping Hse TN TN TN Cannot read or write
Gregory, Mary A W F 1 Dau TN TN TN Cannot read or write

The ages vary from census to census:
1860, Andrew,G age 10, birth year 1850
1870, Jackson, age 19, birth year 1851
1880, Jackson, age 27, birth year 1853
1900, Andrew J, age 50, b Nov 1849
1910, Jackson, age 55. birth year 1855
1930, Andrew J, age 78, birth year 1852
1860, 1870, 1900 and 1930 are close enough to make a set, with birth between 1850 and 1852.

By 1900, the family has grown considerably.

1900 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 16 June, Civil District 17, Enumeration District 55, page 10A, Hse/Fam #171
Gregory, Andrew J Head W M Nov 1849 50 Married 22 yrs TN Unknown TN Farmer Owns
Gregory, Leathy Wife W F May 1854 46 Married 22 yrs 9 children, 9 living SC SC SC
Gregory, Mary E Dau W F Mar 1880 20 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, James H Son W M Sept 1881 18 Single TN TN SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Author M Son W M Apr 1884 16 Single TN TN SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Harret B Dau W F Aug 1885 14 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, George F Son W M Nov 1887 12 Single TN TN SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Mattie B Dau W F Sept 1888 11 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, Marthy (?) J Dau W F May 1890 10 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, Ethel V Dau W F May 1892 8 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, Lester L Son W M May 1896 4 Single TN TN SC

Mary's middle initial here has changed from A to E. Two of the girls have similar names. Mattie is the nickname for Martha, but the child after her appears to be called Marthy Martha) J(ane?). This is confirmed in the 1910 census.

In 1910, Leathy's 9 children are all still well an in the home with them.
1910 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 4 May, District 8, Enumeration District 77, page 10A, Hse/Fam #150
Gregory, Jackson Head M W 55 Married 28 years TN TN TN Farm Laborer Owns
Gregory, Leathy Wife F W 51 Married 28 years 9 children/9 living TN TN TN
Gregory, Mary Dau F W 26 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, James Son F W 24 Single TN TN TN Farm Laborer
Gregory, Arthur M Son F W 22 Single TN TN TN Farm Laborer
Gregory, Minnie Dau F W 20 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, George Son M W 18 Single TN TN TN Farm Laborer
Gregory, Mattie Dau F W 16 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, Martha J Dau F W 14 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, Ola Dau F W 12 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, Lester Son M W 10 Single TX TN TX

In 1900, Martha (Marthy) was reported as only 10, and born in May 1890. Thus she gained 14 years by the 1910 census. Mattie also gained 14 years between 1900 and 1910. In 1900, there was a daughter named Ethel V, which would match the name of Viola we find later in 1930. Minnie in 1910 matches Harriett in 1900. And notice that the age of everyone is increased only 4-6 years since 1900.

The name Ola in 1910 could be a nickname for Viola. We see Ethel also gained 14 years between 1900 and 1910. The name Viola in 1930 matches the middle initial of Ethel, but her age is about 8 years too young. If she was 12 in 1910, we would expect her to be 32 in 1930, but she is reported as 24!

I finally found this family in the 1920 census. They are living not far away from Jim and Mollie Strange.

1920 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 7 January, Civil District 8, Enumeration District 78, page 3A, Chesnut Hill Path, Hse/Fam #46
Gregory, Jack Head Owns M W 64 AL TN TN Farmer
Gregory, Leath Wife F W 62 SC SC SC
Gregory, Jannie [Janie] Dau F W 23 TN AL SC
Gregory, Viola Dau F W 21 TN AL SC
Gregory, Lester Son M W 20 TN AL SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Tuller [Thula?] Wife [of Lester] F W 20 TN TN TN School Teacher
Gregory, George Son M W 27 TN AL SC

Ages continue to be a frustration with this family. The child here named Jannie [Janie], age 23, matches closely with Martha J in 1910, age 14. But Marthy J in 1900 is reported as only 10 years old, with a birth date of May 1890!

Andrew's wife Leathy died in March 1930 Andrew. Though he is now a widower, in the 1930 census 2 weeks after he burial on 1 April 1930 he is reported as married. He is maintaining his household with three single adult children. Her death certificate, which was found five years after entering the 1930 census, reports that she died 31 March 1930.

1930 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 18 April, Civil District 8, Enumeration District 14, page 5A, Hse/Fam #90
Gregory, Andrew J Head Owns M W 78 Married Married at age 27 cannot read or write AL TN TN Farmer
Gregory, Jamie Dau F W 26 Single can read and write TN AL TN
Gregory, Viola Dau F W 24 Single can read and write TN AL TN
Gregory, Arthur Son M W 44 Single can read and write TN AL TN Laborer

Next door is Andrew's son George with his wife and children.

1930 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 18 April, Civil District 8, Enumeration District 14, page 5A, Hse/Fam #91
Gregory, George Head Rents M W 78 Married at age 27 can read or write TN AL SC Farmer
Gregory, Clarice (?) Wife F W 24 Married at age 20 can read and write TN TN TN
Gregory, Truk M Dau F W 3 TN TN TN
Gregory, George Jr Son M W 1 TN TN TN

After years of unsuccessful searching, I finally found in May 2013 the maiden name of Andrew's mother. His death certificate reports his mother as Rachael Lewis.

His death record reports he died in Dandridge, but was to be buried in Taft. The county is not reported, but I find Taft is an unincorporated place in Lincoln County. Perhaps one of his children lived in Taft. Or maybe there was another place called Taft in Cocke or Jefferson County. His wife Leathy was buried in Chestnut Hill Cemetery, Dandridge.

Lincoln County is in south central Tennessee on the border with Alabama, north of Huntsville. This death certificate reports his birth date as 7 Sep 1850, while the 1900 had said Nov 1849.

Tennessee, Death Records, 1908-1958
Certificate #27446
A J Gregory
Birth 7 Sep 1850 Tennessee
Age 86, Death 10 Nov 1936 at home, Chestnut Hill, Dandridge, Jefferson County, Tennessee
Burial 12 Nov 1936 Taft [Dandridge, Jefferson County] By John C Holder & Co, Newport, Cocke, Tennessee
Widowed White Male
Occupation: Farmer
Father Henry Gregory born Alabama
Mother Rachael Lewis born Tennessee
Informant Charlie Gregory, Dandridge
Filed 10 December 1936

Several sources and lists of cemeteries have the name of the cemetery as Taff, rather than Taft as on the death certificate and on Find a Grave.

Andrew Gregory
Birth 1850 Tennessee
Death Nov. 10, 1936 Dandridge, Jefferson County, Tennessee
Children James Henry Gregory (1881 - 1944)
Burial Taft Cemetery, Dandridge, Jefferson County, Tennessee, Plot: Row 11 Plot 15
Created by Jamie Mathis Ottinger Jul 01, 2013
-- Find A Grave Memorial #113186055, findagrave.com

The burial place of Andrew's wife Letha Few Gregory has not been found. Her death certificate reports that she was to be buried in the Chestnut Hill Cemetery near Dandridge, but her name does not appear on any Chestnut Hill records, and there is no memorial in the apparently complete list on Find a Grave. She does not appear in any of three separate lists of burials in Taft/Taff Cemetery.

Letha Few

BirthMAY 1854
 
Death31 MAR 1930
 
Grave01 APR 1930
Aged: 75.9 years
Letha's name on her gave is Letha Few. Her death certificate has Letha Feese. After years with only Feese as a name, finding the name Few on her gravestone on Find a Grave led to an 1860 census record that appeared to match her family.

Two censuses report her born in South Carolina, though most say Tennessee. In 1860 the following record in Greenville, South Carolina, appears to be for Lathy at age 6, matching the approximate birth year from her age in later census records for Letha Gregory.

1860 Federal Census, Greenville County, South Carolina, 27 June, Greenville, P O Gowinsville, page 34, Hse #271, Fam #236
F M Few 40 M Farmer $75 Real Estate $460 Personal born So Car
Hannah M Few 34 F Housekeeper born No Car Cannot read or write
Lathy Few 6 F born So Car
William R Few 5 M born So Car
Lucy J Few 4 F born So Car
James Dunlap 21 M Apprentice b So Car

Her marriage record has her maiden name as Few. Her first name is spelled in the pronunciation of the local dialect.

Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002
Lether Few
Marriage 27 May 1877 Cocke, Tennessee
Spouse Jackson Gregory

The birth state of Letha is reported differently in 1880 (Tennessee) and 1900 (South Carolina). 1910 again reports the birth state as Tennessee.

1880 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 16 June, Civil District 5, Enumeration District 177, p 34B, Hse #281, Fam #285
Gregory, Jackson W M 27 Head Farmer TN TN TN
Gregory, Letha W F 25 Wife Keeping Hse TN TN TN Cannot read or write
Gregory, Mary A W F 1 Dau TN TN TN Cannot read or write

1900 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 16 June, Civil District 17, Enumeration District 55, page 10A, Hse/Fam #171
Gregory, Andrew J Head W M Nov 1849 50 Married 22 yrs TN Unknown TN Farmer Owns
Gregory, Leathy Wife W F May 1854 46 Married 22 yrs 9 children, 9 living SC SC SC
Gregory, Mary E Dau W F Mar 1880 20 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, James H Son W M Sept 1881 18 Single TN TN SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Author M Son W M Apr 1884 16 Single TN TN SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Harret B Dau W F Aug 1885 14 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, George F Son W M Nov 1887 12 Single TN TN SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Mattie B Dau W F Sept 1888 11 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, Marthy (?) J Dau W F May 1890 10 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, Ethel V Dau W F May 1892 8 Single TN TN SC
Gregory, Lester L Son W M May 1896 4 Single TN TN SC

In 1910, Leathy's 9 children are all still well and in the home with them.

1910 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 4 May, District 8, Enumeration District 77, page 10A, Hse/Fam #150
Gregory, Jackson Head M W 55 Married 28 years TN TN TN Farm Laborer Owns
Gregory, Leathy Wife F W 51 Married 28 years 9 children/9 living TN TN TN
Gregory, Mary Dau F W 26 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, James Son F W 24 Single TN TN TN Farm Laborer
Gregory, Arthur M Son F W 22 Single TN TN TN Farm Laborer
Gregory, Minnie Dau F W 20 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, George Son M W 18 Single TN TN TN Farm Laborer
Gregory, Mattie Dau F W 16 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, Martha J Dau F W 14 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, Ola Dau F W 12 Single TN TN TN
Gregory, Lester Son M W 10 Single TX TN TX

In 1920, Letha and Jack are living near relatives Jim and Mollie Strange in the Chestnut Hill area of Jefferson County.

1920 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Tennessee, 7 January, Civil District 8, Enumeration District 78, page 3A, Chesnut Hill Path, Hse/Fam #46
Gregory, Jack Head Owns M W 64 AL TN TN Farmer
Gregory, Leath Wife F W 62 SC SC SC
Gregory, Jannie [Janie] Dau F W 23 TN AL SC
Gregory, Viola Dau F W 21 TN AL SC
Gregory, Lester Son M W 20 TN AL SC Farm Laborer
Gregory, Tuller [Thula?] Wife [of Lester] F W 20 TN TN TN School Teacher
Gregory, George Son M W 27 TN AL SC

Letha died the last day of March 1930 and was buried the next day. about 2 weeks before the census was taken for Jack's household. Her death certificate reports she was born in South Carolina. Before finding her death certificate in May 2013, I had seen no information on her family or maiden name. The certificate reports her father as Francis Feese rather than Few. She named one of her sons George Francis.

Tennessee, Death Records, 1908-1958
Certificate #11156
Letha Gregory [Letha Few]
Gender Female
Residence Dandridge, Tennessee
Age 75, Birth abt 1855 South Carolina
Occupation Housekeeper
Death 31 Mar 1930 Chestnut Hill, Jefferson, Tennessee
Cause of death Lobar pneumonia
Father Francis Few born South Carolina
Mother Harrett [Harriet] Childs born South Carolina
Informant Jack Gregory, Dandridge, Tennessee
Burial 1 April 1930 Chestnut Hill Cemetery, by John C Holder and Co of Newport [Cocke County], Tennessee

No memorial for Letha has been found in Chestnut Hill Cemetery or the Taft Cemetery where her husband Andrew is buried. Her name does not appear on burial lists for any area cemeteries.

ChildrenFirst NameBirth DtDeath DtBirth PlaceSpouses
1

Mary A 

abt 1879  TN, Jefferson Co  
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Sources
  1. Census: . 1860 Federal Census, Cherokee County, Alabama;
  2. Other: Gedcom Import: Jenkins-Gregory-LeStrange-McSwainPRIV.ged; Imported 8/19/2007;
  3. Other: Mary Ellen Parker Genealogy Research;
  1. Other: Gedcom Import: Jenkins-Gregory-LeStrange-McSwainPRIV.ged; Imported 8/19/2007;
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