Note: The link from Thomas to parents Richard & Frances is speculative. Can anyone clarify?
I attached these 4 censuses to this Thomas based on information that he was in Washington Co in 1830, that he was located near a Peter Redditt in 1820 and 1830, and that the 1800 and 1810 Beaufort censuses match the age ranges with those in 1820 and 1830, and that I don't have any other Thomas Respess's that these censuses could relate to. Since the 1800 census says Thomas JR, he can't be the son of Henry. So more research to come.
M.B.Smallwood mentions a 6/17/1833 deed from Thomas to Ransom, and mentions that Henry d.1845 mentions George Henry Respess (son of Thomas) in his will. So it seems there may be two Thomas's confused here.